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Mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum: Targets for a better insulin sensitivity in skeletal muscle?

Abstract : Obesity and its associated metabolic disorders represent a major health burden, with economic and social consequences. Although adapted lifestyle and bariatric surgery are effective in reducing body weight, obesity prevalence is still rising. Obese individuals often become insulin-resistant. Obesity impacts on insulin responsive organs, such as the liver, adipose tissue and skeletal muscle, and increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes and cancer. In this review, we discuss the effects of obesity and insulin resistance on skeletal muscle, an important organ for the control of postprandial glucose. The roles of mitochondria and the endoplasmic reticulum in insulin signaling are highlighted and potential innovative research and treatment perspectives are proposed.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-01575529
Contributor : Marie-Hélène Derudas <>
Submitted on : Monday, August 21, 2017 - 9:36:07 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 21, 2020 - 3:41:56 AM

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Alexis Boulinguiez, Bart Staels, Helene Duez, Steve Lancel. Mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum: Targets for a better insulin sensitivity in skeletal muscle?. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids, Elsevier, 2017, 1862 (9), pp.901 - 916. ⟨10.1016/j.bbalip.2017.05.011⟩. ⟨inserm-01575529⟩

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