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End stage renal disease in French Guiana (data from R.E.I.N registry): South American or French?

Abstract : Background: End-Stage renal disease (ESRD) causes considerable morbidity and mortality, and significantly alters patients’ quality of life. There are very few published data on this problem in the French Overseas territories. The development of a registry on end stage renal disease in French Guiana in 2011 allowed to describe the magnitude of this problem in the region for the first time. Methods: Using data from the French Renal Epidemiology and Information Network registry (R.E.I.N). Descriptive statistics on quantitative and qualitative variables in the registry were performed on prevalent cases and incident cases in 2011, 2012 and 2013. Results: French Guiana has one of the highest ESRD prevalence and incidence in France. The two main causes of ESRD were hypertensive and diabetic nephropathies. The French Guianese population had a different demographic profile (younger, more women, more migrants) than in mainland France. Most patients had at least one comorbidity, predominantly (95.3%) hypertension. In French Guiana dialysis was initiated in emergency for 71.3% of patients versus 33% in France (p < 0.001). Conclusion: These first results give important public health information: i) End stage renal disease has a very high prevalence relative to mainland France ii) Patients have a different demographic profile and enter care late in the course of their renal disease. These data are closer to what is observed in the Caribbean or in Latin America than in Mainland France.
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Submitted on : Friday, July 21, 2017 - 8:42:27 PM
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Dévi-Rita Rochemont, Mohamed Meddeb, Raoul Roura, Cécile Couchoud, Mathieu Nacher, et al.. End stage renal disease in French Guiana (data from R.E.I.N registry): South American or French?. BMC Nephrology, BioMed Central, 2017, 18 (1), pp.207. ⟨10.1186/s12882-017-0614-6⟩. ⟨inserm-01567222⟩



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