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Impact of Mean Transaortic Pressure Gradient on Long Term Outcome in Patients With Severe Aortic Stenosis and Preserved Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction

Abstract : BACKGROUND: Mean transaortic pressure gradient (MTPG) has never been validated as a predictor of mortality in patients with severe aortic stenosis. We sought to determine the value of MTPG to predict mortality in a large prospective cohort of severe aortic stenosis patients with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction and to investigate the cutoff of 60 mm Hg, proposed in American guidelines. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 1143 patients with severe aortic stenosis defined by aortic valve area ≤1 cm2 and MTPG ≥40 mm Hg were included. The population was divided into 3 groups according to MTPG: between 40 and 49 mm Hg, between 50 and 59 mm Hg, and ≥60 mm Hg. The end point was all-cause mortality. MTPG was ≥60 mm Hg in 392 patients. Patients with MTPG ≥60 mm Hg had a significantly increase risk of mortality compared with patients with MTPG <60 mm Hg (hazard ratio [HR]=1.62 [1.27-2.05] P<0.001), even for the subgroup of asymptomatic or minimally symptomatic patients (HR=1.56 [1.04-2.34] P=0.032). After adjustment for established outcome predictors, patients with MTPG ≥60 mm Hg had a significantly higher risk of mortality than patients with MTPG <60 mm Hg (HR=1.71 [1.33-2.20] P<0.001), even after adjusting for surgery as a time-dependent variable (HR=1.71 [1.43-2.11] P<0.001). Similar results were observed for the subgroup of asymptomatic or minimally symptomatic patients (HR=1.70 [1.10-2.32] P=0.018 and HR=1.68 [1.20-2.36] P=0.003, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: This study shows the negative prognostic impact of high MTPG (≥60 mm Hg), on long-term outcome of patients with severe aortic stenosis with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction, irrespective of symptoms.
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Yohann Bohbot, Cedric Kowalski, Dan Rusinaru, Anne Ringle, Sylvestre Marechaux, et al.. Impact of Mean Transaortic Pressure Gradient on Long Term Outcome in Patients With Severe Aortic Stenosis and Preserved Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction. Journal of the American Heart Association, Wiley-Blackwell, 2017, 6 (6), pp.e005850. ⟨10.1161/JAHA.117.005850⟩. ⟨inserm-01533437⟩

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