Cutting Edge: Differential Fine-Tuning of IL-2- and IL-15- Dependent Functions by targeting their Common IL-2/15Rβ/γc Receptor

Abstract : Interleukin 2 and IL-15 are two closely related cytokines, displaying important functions in the immune system. They share the heterodimeric CD122/CD132 receptor to deliver their signals within target cells. Their specificity of action is conferred by their a receptor chains, IL-2Ra and IL-15Ra. By combining an increased affinity for CD122 and an impaired recruitment of CD132, we have generated an original molecule named IL-2Rb/g (CD122/CD132) inhibitor (BiG), targeting the CD122/CD132 receptor. BiG efficiently inhibited IL-15– and IL-2–dependent functions of primary cells, including CD8 T and NK cells, in vitro and in vivo. We also report a differential dynamic of action of these cytokines by highlighting a major role played by the IL-2Ra receptor. Interestingly, due to the presence of IL-2Ra, BiG had no impact on IL-2–dependent regulatory T cell proliferation. Thus, by acting as a fine switch in the immune system, BiG emphasizes the differential roles of these two cytokines.
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Dihia Meghnem, Sébastien Morisseau, Marie Frutoso, Kilian Trillet, Mike Maillasson, et al.. Cutting Edge: Differential Fine-Tuning of IL-2- and IL-15- Dependent Functions by targeting their Common IL-2/15Rβ/γc Receptor. Journal of Immunology, Publisher : Baltimore : Williams & Wilkins, c1950-. Latest Publisher : Bethesda, MD : American Association of Immunologists, 2017, 198 (12), pp.4563-4568. ⟨10.4049/jimmunol.1700046⟩. ⟨inserm-01524397⟩

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