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Sleep disorders in neurology French consensus. Management of patients with hypersomnia: Which strategy?

Abstract : Available online xxx Keywords: Narcolepsy Idiopathic hypersomnia Cataplexy Excessive daytime sleepiness Treatment Stimulant Sodium oxybate Antidepressants a b s t r a c t Central hypersomnias principally involves type 1 narcolepsy (NT1), type 2 narcolepsy (NT2) and idiopathic hypersomnia (IH). Despite great progress made in understanding the phy-siopathology of NT1 with low cerebrospinal fluid hypocretin-1 levels, current treatment remains symptomatic. The same applies to NT2 and IH, for which the physiopathology is still largely unknown. Controlling excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), cataplexy, hypnago-gic hallucinations, sleep paralysis and disturbed night-time sleep are key therapeutic targets in NT1. For IH and NT2, reducing EDS is the main objective. Based on European and American directives for the treatment of narcolepsy, we propose French recommendations for managing central hypersomnias as well as strategies in the case of drug-resistance. Stimulating treatments target EDS, and Modafinil is the first-line treatment. Other stimulants such as methylphenidate, pitolisant, and exceptionally dextro-amphetamine can be prescribed. Selective serotonin and noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor antidepressants are effective for the management of cataplexy in NT1. Sodium oxybate is an effective treatment for several symptoms, including EDS, cataplexy and disturbed night-time sleep. Treatment of central hypersomnia must also take into consideration frequent cardiovascular, metabolic and psychiatric comorbidities, particularly in NT1. New therapies are currently under study with the development of new stimulants and anti-cataplectics. The next few years will see innovative emerging therapies, based on a physiopathological approach, aiming to restore hypocretinergic transmission or to interrupt the autoimmune processes causing the loss of hypocretin neurons.
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Contributor : Yves Dauvilliers Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, March 8, 2017 - 9:09:34 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, November 20, 2021 - 10:02:02 AM
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Régis Lopez, Isabelle Arnulf, Xavier Drouot, Michel Lecendreux, Yves Dauvilliers. Sleep disorders in neurology French consensus. Management of patients with hypersomnia: Which strategy? . Revue Neurologique, Elsevier Masson, 2017, 173 (1-2), pp.8-18. ⟨10.1016/j.neurol.2016.09.018⟩. ⟨inserm-01484929⟩



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