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Intestinal Scavenger Receptors Are Involved in Vitamin K 1 Absorption

Abstract : Vitamin K-1 (phylloquinone) intestinal absorption is thought to be mediated by a carrier protein that still remains to be identified. Apical transport of vitamin K-1 was examined using Caco-2 TC-7 cell monolayers as a model of human intestinal epithelium and in transfected HEK cells. Phylloquinone uptake was then measured ex vivo using mouse intestinal explants. Finally, vitamin K-1 absorption was compared between wild-type mice and mice overexpressing scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI) in the intestine and mice deficient in cluster determinant 36 (CD36). Phylloquinone uptake by Caco-2 cells was saturable and was significantly impaired by co-incubation with alpha-tocopherol (and vice versa). Anti-human SR-BI antibodies and BLT1 (a chemical inhibitor of lipid transport via SR-BI) blocked up to 85% of vitamin K-1 uptake. BLT1 also decreased phylloquinone apical efflux by similar to 80%. Transfection of HEK cells with SR-BI and CD36 significantly enhanced vitamin K-1 uptake, which was subsequently decreased by the addition of BLT1 or sulfo-N-succinimidyl oleate (CD36 inhibitor), respectively. Similar results were obtained in mouse intestinal explants. In vivo, the phylloquinone postprandial response was significantly higher, and the proximal intestine mucosa phylloquinone content 4 h after gavage was increased in mice overexpressing SR-BI compared with controls. Phylloquinone postprandial response was also significantly increased in CD36-deficient mice compared with wild-type mice, but their vitamin K-1 intestinal content remained unchanged. Overall, the present data demonstrate for the first time that intestinal scavenger receptors participate in the absorption of dietary phylloquinone.
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Aurélie Goncalves, Marielle Margier, Stéphanie Roi, Xavier Collet, Isabelle Niot, et al.. Intestinal Scavenger Receptors Are Involved in Vitamin K 1 Absorption. Journal of Biological Chemistry, American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2014, 289 (44), pp.30743 - 30752. ⟨10.1074/jbc.M114.587659⟩. ⟨inserm-01478590⟩

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