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Interfaces for noninvasive ventilation in the acute setting in children

Abstract : The use of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) is very specific in the acute setting as compared to its use in a chronic setting. In the Pediatric Intensive care Unit (PICU), NIV may be required around the clock and initiation has to be fast and easy. Despite the increasing use of non-invasive ventilation (NIV) and the larger choice of interfaces, data comparing the use of different interfaces for pediatric patients are scarce and recommendations for the most appropriate choice of interface are lacking. However, this choice in acute settings is crucial and a major contributor of the success of NIV. The aim of the present review was to describe the different types of interfaces available for children in the acute setting, their advantages and limitations, to highlight how to choose the optimal interface, and how to monitor the tolerance of the interface.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, January 4, 2017 - 4:55:35 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 19, 2021 - 4:10:06 PM
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Guillaume Mortamet, Alessandro Amaddeo, Sandrine Essouri, Sylvain Renolleau, Guillaume Emeriaud, et al.. Interfaces for noninvasive ventilation in the acute setting in children. Paediatric Respiratory Reviews, Elsevier, 2016, [Epub ahead of print]. ⟨10.1016/j.prrv.2016.09.004⟩. ⟨inserm-01426610⟩



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