K. Hogg, K. Swedberg, and J. Mcmurray, Heart failure with preserved left ventricular systolic function, Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol.43, issue.3, pp.317-344, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jacc.2003.07.046

URL : http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2003.07.046

T. Gillebert, D. Buyzere, and M. , HFpEF, Diastolic Suction, and Exercise??????Editorials published in JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging reflect the views of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging or the American College of Cardiology., JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging, vol.5, issue.9, pp.871-874, 2012.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jcmg.2012.07.004

F. Pirozzi, A. Paglia, L. Sasso, P. Abete, A. Carlomagno et al., Mitral peak early diastolic filling velocity to deceleration time ratio as a predictor of prognosis in patients with chronic heart failure and preserved or reduced ejection fraction, J Geriatr Cardiol: JGC, vol.12, pp.346-52, 2015.

E. Buffle, J. Kramarz, E. Elazar, G. Aviram, M. Ingbir et al., Added value of pulmonary venous flow Doppler assessment in patients with preserved ejection fraction and its contribution to the diastolic grading paradigm, European Heart Journal ??? Cardiovascular Imaging, vol.16, issue.11, pp.1191-1198, 2015.
DOI : 10.1093/ehjci/jev126

B. Borlaug and W. Paulus, Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction: pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment, European Heart Journal, vol.32, issue.6, pp.670-679, 2011.
DOI : 10.1093/eurheartj/ehq426

S. Nanayakkara and D. Kaye, Management of Heart Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction: A Review, Clinical Therapeutics, vol.37, issue.10, pp.2186-98, 2015.
DOI : 10.1016/j.clinthera.2015.08.005

M. Kurt, J. Wang, G. Torre-amione, and S. Nagueh, Left Atrial Function in Diastolic Heart Failure, Circulation: Cardiovascular Imaging, vol.2, issue.1, pp.10-15, 2009.
DOI : 10.1161/CIRCIMAGING.108.813071

A. Santos, E. Kraigher-krainer, D. Gupta, B. Claggett, M. Zile et al., Impaired left atrial function in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction, European Journal of Heart Failure, vol.62, issue.10, pp.1096-103, 2014.
DOI : 10.1002/ejhf.147

F. Mookadam, R. Goel, M. Alharthi, P. Jiamsripong, and S. Cha, Epicardial fat and its association with cardiovascular risk: a cross-sectional observational study, Heart Views, vol.11, pp.103-111, 2010.

B. Kilicaslan, O. Ozdogan, M. Aydin, H. Dursun, I. Susam et al., Increased Epicardial Fat Thickness Is Associated with Cardiac Functional Changes in Healthy Women, The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine, vol.228, issue.2, pp.119-143, 2012.
DOI : 10.1620/tjem.228.119

C. Fox, P. Gona, U. Hoffmann, S. Porter, C. Salton et al., Pericardial Fat, Intrathoracic Fat, and Measures of Left Ventricular Structure and Function: The Framingham Heart Study, Circulation, vol.119, issue.12, pp.1586-91, 2009.
DOI : 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.108.828970

M. Evin, A. Redheuil, G. Soulat, L. Perdrix, G. Ashrafpoor et al., Left atrial aging: a cardiac magnetic resonance feature-tracking study, American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology, vol.310, issue.5, pp.542-551, 2016.
DOI : 10.1152/ajpheart.00504.2015

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01492752

Y. Inoue, A. A. Khurram, I. Fukumoto, K. Habibi, M. Venkatesh et al., Quantitative Tissue-Tracking Cardiac Magnetic Resonance (CMR) of Left Atrial Deformation and the Risk of Stroke in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation, Journal of the American Heart Association, vol.4, issue.4, p.1844, 2015.
DOI : 10.1161/JAHA.115.001844

M. Evin, P. Cluzel, J. Lamy, D. Rosenbaum, S. Kusmia et al., Assessment of left atrial function by MRI myocardial feature tracking, Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging, vol.12, issue.Suppl 1, pp.379-89, 2015.
DOI : 10.1002/jmri.24851

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01492759

C. Liu, A. Redheuil, R. Ouwerkerk, J. Lima, and D. Bluemke, Myocardial fat quantification in humans: Evaluation by two-point water-fat imaging and localized proton spectroscopy, Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, vol.61, issue.5 pt 1, pp.892-901, 2010.
DOI : 10.1002/mrm.22289

URL : http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3039693

E. Heiberg, J. Sjögren, M. Ugander, M. Carlsson, H. Engblom et al., Design and validation of Segment - freely available software for cardiovascular image analysis, BMC Medical Imaging, vol.8, issue.Suppl, p.1, 2010.
DOI : 10.1186/1471-2342-8-10

S. Nagueh, S. Bierig, M. Budoff, M. Desai, V. Dilsizian et al., American Society of Echocardiography Clinical Recommendations for Multimodality Cardiovascular Imaging of Patients with Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy, Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography, vol.24, issue.5, pp.473-98, 2011.
DOI : 10.1016/j.echo.2011.03.006

T. Kawata, M. Daimon, S. Miyazaki, R. Ichikawa, M. Maruyama et al., Coronary microvascular function is independently associated with left ventricular filling pressure in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, Cardiovascular Diabetology, vol.356, issue.1, p.98, 2015.
DOI : 10.1186/s12933-015-0263-7

Y. Mochizuki, H. Tanaka, K. Matsumoto, H. Sano, H. Toki et al., Clinical features of subclinical left ventricular systolic dysfunction in patients with diabetes mellitus, Cardiovascular Diabetology, vol.52, issue.22, p.37, 2015.
DOI : 10.1186/s12933-015-0201-8

L. Gabrielli, A. Enríquez, S. Córdova, F. Yáñez, I. Godoy et al., Assessment of Left Atrial Function in Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy and Athlete's Heart: A Left Atrial Myocardial Deformation Study, Echocardiography, vol.11, issue.8, pp.943-952, 2012.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1540-8175.2012.01719.x

C. Lavie, C. Amodeo, H. Ventura, and F. Messerli, Left Atrial Abnormalities Indicating Diastolic Ventricular Dysfunction in Cardiopathy of Obesity, Chest, vol.92, issue.6, pp.1042-1048, 1987.
DOI : 10.1378/chest.92.6.1042

T. Tsang, M. Barnes, Y. Miyasaka, S. Cha, K. Bailey et al., Obesity as a risk factor for the progression of paroxysmal to permanent atrial fibrillation: a longitudinal cohort study of 21 years, European Heart Journal, vol.29, issue.18, pp.2227-2260, 2008.
DOI : 10.1093/eurheartj/ehn324

K. Wierzbowska-drabik, L. Chrzanowski, A. Kapusta, B. Uzna?ska-loch, E. P?o?ska et al., Severe Obesity Impairs Systolic and Diastolic Heart Function - The Significance of Pulsed Tissue Doppler, Strain, and Strain Rate Parameters, Echocardiography, vol.19, issue.8, pp.904-915, 2013.
DOI : 10.1111/echo.12164

V. Patil, H. Patil, K. Shah, J. Vasani, and P. Shetty, Diastolic dysfunction in asymptomatic type 2 diabetes mellitus with normal systolic function, Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research, vol.2, issue.4, pp.213-235, 2011.
DOI : 10.4103/0975-3583.89805

M. Enomoto, T. Ishizu, Y. Seo, M. Yamamoto, H. Suzuki et al., Subendocardial Systolic Dysfunction in Asymptomatic Normotensive Diabetic Patients, Circulation Journal, vol.79, issue.8, pp.1749-55, 2015.
DOI : 10.1253/circj.CJ-15-0012

S. Cassidy, K. Hallsworth, C. Thoma, G. Macgowan, K. Hollingsworth et al., Cardiac structure and function are altered in type 2 diabetes and Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and associate with glycemic control, Cardiovascular Diabetology, vol.14, issue.1, p.23, 2015.
DOI : 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.110.955542

K. Kadappu, A. Boyd, S. Eshoo, B. Haluska, A. Yeo et al., Changes in left atrial volume in diabetes mellitus: more than diastolic dysfunction?, European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging, vol.13, issue.12, pp.1016-1039, 2012.
DOI : 10.1093/ehjci/jes084

URL : http://ecite.utas.edu.au/91153/1/1016-1023%20Kadappu.pdf

Y. Wang, D. Hou, R. Ma, G. Ding, L. Yin et al., Early Detection of Left Atrial Energy Loss and Mechanics Abnormalities in Diabetic Patients with Normal Left Atrial Size: A Study Combining Vector Flow Mapping and Tissue Tracking Echocardiography, Medical Science Monitor, vol.22, pp.958-68, 2016.
DOI : 10.12659/MSM.897385

Z. Guan, D. Zhang, R. Huang, F. Zhang, Q. Wang et al., Association of Left Atrial Myocardial Function With Left Ventricular Diastolic Dysfunction in Subjects With Preserved Systolic Function: A Strain Rate Imaging Study, Clinical Cardiology, vol.36, issue.10, pp.643-652, 2010.
DOI : 10.1002/clc.20784

D. Sosnovik, R. Wang, G. Dai, T. Reese, and V. Wedeen, Diffusion MR tractography of the heart, Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance, vol.11, issue.1, p.47, 2009.
DOI : 10.1186/1532-429X-11-47

L. Ling, A. Mclellan, A. Taylor, L. Iles, A. Ellims et al., Magnetic resonance post-contrast T1 mapping in the human atrium: Validation and impact on clinical outcome after catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation, Heart Rhythm, vol.11, issue.9, pp.1551-1560, 2014.
DOI : 10.1016/j.hrthm.2014.06.012

L. Hudsmith and S. Neubauer, Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy in Myocardial Disease, JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging, vol.2, issue.1, pp.87-96, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jcmg.2008.08.005

URL : http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcmg.2008.08.005

T. Chao, Y. Lai, C. Yun, C. Yen, K. Wang et al., The Association between Atrium Electromechanical Interval and Pericardial Fat, PLoS ONE, vol.95, issue.5, p.97472, 2014.
DOI : 10.1371/journal.pone.0097472.t002

URL : http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0097472

R. Homsi, M. Meier-schroers, J. Gieseke, D. Dabir, J. Luetkens et al., 3D-Dixon MRI based volumetry of peri- and epicardial fat, The International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging, vol.87, issue.2, pp.291-300, 2016.
DOI : 10.1007/s10554-015-0778-8