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Journal Articles Immunity Year : 2016

Macrophage PPARgamma, a lipid activated transcription factor controls a growth factor GDF3 and skeletal muscle regeneration

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Rémi Mounier

Abstract

Tissue regeneration requires inflammatory and reparatory activity of macrophages. Macrophages detect and eliminate the damaged tissue and subsequently promote regeneration. This dichotomy requires the switch of effector functions of macrophages coordinated with other cell types inside the injured tissue. The gene regulatory events supporting the sensory and effector functions of macrophages involved in tissue repair are not well understood. Here we show that the lipid activated transcription factor, PPARγ is required for proper skeletal muscle regeneration, acting in repair macrophages. PPARγ controls the expression of the transforming growth factor-b family member, GDF3, which in turn regulates the restoration of skeletal muscle integrity by promoting muscle progenitor cell fusion. This work establishes PPARγ as a required metabolic sensor and transcriptional regulator of repair macrophages. Moreover, this work also establishes GDF3 as a secreted extrinsic effector protein acting on myoblasts and serving as an exclusively macrophage-derived regeneration factor in tissue repair.

Dates and versions

inserm-01417979 , version 1 (16-12-2016)

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Tamas Varga, Rémi Mounier, Andreas Patsalos, Péter Gogolák, Matthew Peloquin, et al.. Macrophage PPARgamma, a lipid activated transcription factor controls a growth factor GDF3 and skeletal muscle regeneration. Immunity, 2016, ⟨10.1016/j.immuni.2016.10.016⟩. ⟨inserm-01417979⟩
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