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Cardiovascular diseases-related GNB3 C825T polymorphism has a significant sex-specific effect on serum soluble E-selectin levels

Abstract : Background: The C825T polymorphism (rs5443) of the Guanine Nucleotide-Binding protein subunit β3 (GNB3) gene has been associated with obesity, essential hypertension, atherosclerosis, coronary diseases, and cerebrovascular events, but with some sex-specific effects. Its association with inflammatory mediators such as cell adhesion molecules has not been studied, although they are heavily involved in cardiovascular diseases' (CVDs) processes. The aim of our study was then to investigate a possible sex-specific effect of the GNB3 C825T polymorphism on serum soluble cell adhesion molecules such as E, P and L-selectins (sE, sP and sL-selectins). Results: Participants were from the STANISLAS Family Study and were free of chronic disease as CVDs or cancer. We included in total 771 subjects aged 6 to 58 years (391 males (50.71%) and 380 females (49.29%)). No significant association of rs5443 was observed in the whole population with serum sE, sP and sL-selectins after adjusting for age, sex, body mass index, systolic blood pressure, anti-inflammatory drugs and hormonal drugs consumption. A significant interaction of rs5443 was observed with sex for sE-selectin (p < 0.001), but not for sP and sL-selectins. After adjusting for covariables, the T allele was significantly associated with an additive increase effect on serum sE-selectin levels in males (β = 5.03 ± 2.18; p = 0.020), while a significant additive decrease effect was observed in females (β =-4.46 ± 2.06; p = 0.030). These associations stayed significant after correction for multiple tests (p = 0.045 in males and in females). The additive phenotypic variance was 21.54% in males versus 1.91% in females. Conclusions: In our Caucasian population, the GNB3 C825T polymorphism showed a significant sex-specific effect on serum sE-selectin levels, with a disadvantage for males, as increased sE-selectin levels has been associated with CVDs outcomes. The T allele has been previously associated with the same CVDs as increased sE-selectin, but more often in males. The link we observed between this polymorphism and E-selectin is then consistent with previous findings, and helps to better understand the deleterious effect of the GNB3 825 T allele on CVDs outcomes in males. We revealed in this study an important pathway through which the GNB3 gene induces CVDs' outcomes.
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Kokoè Mélinda Gbadoe, Nazha Berdouzi, Alex-Ander Aldasoro Aguiñano, Ndeye Coumba Ndiaye, Sophie Visvikis-Siest. Cardiovascular diseases-related GNB3 C825T polymorphism has a significant sex-specific effect on serum soluble E-selectin levels. Journal of Inflammation, BioMed Central, 2016, 13 (1), pp.39. ⟨10.1186/s12950-016-0146-z⟩. ⟨inserm-01413466⟩

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