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A new protoparvovirus in human fecal samples and cutaneous T cell lymphomas (mycosis fungoides)

Abstract : We genetically characterized seven nearly complete genomes in the protoparvovirus genus from the feces of children with diarrhea. The viruses, provisionally named cutaviruses (CutaV), varied by 1–6% nucleotides and shared $ 76% and $ 82% amino acid identity with the NS1 and VP1 of human bufa-viruses, their closest relatives. Using PCR, cutavirus DNA was found in 1.6% (4/245) and 1% (1/100) of diarrhea samples from Brazil and Botswana respectively. In silico analysis of pre-existing metagenomics datasets then revealed closely related parvovirus genomes in skin biopsies from patients with epi-dermotropic cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL or mycosis fungoides). PCR of skin biopsies yielded cu-tavirus DNA in 4/17 CTCL, 0/10 skin carcinoma, and 0/21 normal or noncancerous skin biopsies. In situ hybridization of CTCL skin biopsies detected viral genome within rare individual cells in regions of neoplastic infiltrations. The influence of cutavirus infection on human enteric functions and possible oncolytic role in CTCL progression remain to be determined.
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Submitted on : Monday, December 5, 2016 - 2:40:31 PM
Last modification on : Friday, July 30, 2021 - 3:16:29 AM
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Tung Phan, Brigitte Dreno, Antonio Charlys da Costa, Linlin Li, Patricia Orlandi, et al.. A new protoparvovirus in human fecal samples and cutaneous T cell lymphomas (mycosis fungoides). Virology, Elsevier, 2016, 496, pp.299 - 305. ⟨10.1016/j.virol.2016.06.013⟩. ⟨inserm-01408880⟩



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