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Accidentalité et prise de risque sur la route en Nouvelle-Calédonie. Résultats de l’étude Situation sociale et comportements de santé des jeunes en Nouvelle-Calédonie

Abstract : Background New Caledonia has one of the highest global rates of death from road accidents: 240 deaths per million inhabitants in 2011 with a majority of young people. However, research on driving behaviors has remained rare. Methods A cross-sectional survey based on face-to-face questionnaire with 1400 male and female youth aged 16 to 25 was conducted in 2007. It was used to measure the frequency of accidents and to compute a score of driving behaviors and their associations with socio-demographic characteristics, lifestyles as well as other health behaviors. Results – conclusion A total of 10.6% of boys and 6.5% of girls reported a car accident in the previous twelve months period. Among male participants risky driving behavior was associated with having a degree (ORa=2, 95% CI [1.1–3.8]), sport practices (ORa=3.7, 95% CI [1.9–7.05]), involvement in a fight in the last twelve months (ORa=2.2, 95% CI [1.4–3.4]) and precocity of cannabis use (ORa=1.8, 95% CI [1.2–2.8]). Youth living in couple and those with children presented with higher risk-taking scores. Among female participants, young age at cannabis initiation (ORa=3.1, 95% CI [1.5–6.4]) and at sexual debut (ORa=2.4, 95% CI [1.1–5.1]) were associated with driving risk-taking. Finally, younger age at first alcohol intoxication was associated with risky behavior on the road in both sexes. These results highlighted the multidimensional nature of risk-taking behaviors on the road and showed that they are part of, for boys and girls, a larger pattern of risky behaviors. Such results suggest to include behaviors on the road in a comprehensive approach of prevention.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-01327038
Contributor : Catherine Dang <>
Submitted on : Monday, June 6, 2016 - 12:23:47 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 16, 2020 - 5:11:01 PM

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Catherine Dang, Christine Hamelin, Christine Salomon, France Lert. Accidentalité et prise de risque sur la route en Nouvelle-Calédonie. Résultats de l’étude Situation sociale et comportements de santé des jeunes en Nouvelle-Calédonie. 2016. ⟨inserm-01327038⟩

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