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PAT1 inversely regulates the surface Amyloid Precursor Protein level in mouse primary neurons

Abstract : AbstractBackgroundThe amyloid precursor protein (APP) is a key molecule in Alzheimer disease. Its localization at the cell surface can trigger downstream signaling and APP cleavages. APP trafficking to the cell surface in neurons is not clearly understood and may be related to the interactions with its partners. In this respect, by having homologies with kinesin light chain domains and because of its capacity to bind APP, PAT1 represents a good candidate.ResultsWe observed that PAT1 binds poorly APP at the cell surface of primary cortical neurons contrary to cytoplasmic APP. Using down and up-regulation of PAT1, we observed respectively an increase and decrease of APP at the cell surface. The increase of APP at the cell surface induced by low levels of PAT1 did not trigger cell death signaling.ConclusionsThese data suggest that PAT1 slows down APP trafficking to the cell surface in primary cortical neurons. Our results contribute to the elucidation of mechanisms involved in APP trafficking in Alzheimer disease.
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Aysegul Dilsizoglu Senol, Lidia Tagliafierro, Léa Huguet, Lucie Gorisse-Hussonnois, Stéphanie Chasseigneaux, et al.. PAT1 inversely regulates the surface Amyloid Precursor Protein level in mouse primary neurons. BMC Neuroscience, BioMed Central, 2015, 16 (1), pp.10. ⟨10.1186/s12868-015-0152-8⟩. ⟨inserm-01264482⟩

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