L. Liu, H. Johnson, S. Cousens, J. Perin, S. Scott et al., Global, regional, and national causes of child mortality: an updated systematic analysis for 2010 with time trends since 2000, The Lancet, vol.379, issue.9832, pp.2151-61, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0140-6736(12)60560-1

J. Lawn, S. Cousens, and J. Zupan, 4 million neonatal deaths: When? Where? Why?, The Lancet, vol.365, issue.9462, pp.891-900, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/S0140-6736(05)71048-5

T. Kelesidis, I. Kelesidis, P. Rafailidis, and M. Falagas, Counterfeit or substandard antimicrobial drugs: a review of the scientific evidence, Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, vol.60, issue.2, pp.214-250, 2007.
DOI : 10.1093/jac/dkm109

I. Okeke, A. Lamikanra, and R. Edelman, Socioeconomic and Behavioral Factors Leading to Acquired Bacterial Resistance to Antibiotics in Developing Countries, Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol.5, issue.1, pp.18-27, 1999.
DOI : 10.3201/eid0501.990103

K. Kumarasamy, M. Toleman, T. Walsh, J. Bagaria, F. Butt et al., Emergence of a new antibiotic resistance mechanism in India, Pakistan, and the UK: a molecular, biological, and epidemiological study, The Lancet Infectious Diseases, vol.10, issue.9, pp.597-602, 2010.
DOI : 10.1016/S1473-3099(10)70143-2

A. Seale, H. Blencowe, A. Manu, H. Nair, R. Bahl et al., Estimates of possible severe bacterial infection in neonates in sub-Saharan Africa, south Asia, and Latin America for 2012: a systematic review and meta-analysis, The Lancet Infectious Diseases, vol.14, issue.8, pp.731-772, 2014.
DOI : 10.1016/S1473-3099(14)70804-7

B. Blomberg, R. Jureen, K. Manji, B. Tamim, D. Mwakagile et al., High Rate of Fatal Cases of Pediatric Septicemia Caused by Gram-Negative Bacteria with Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamases in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol.43, issue.2, pp.745-754, 2005.
DOI : 10.1128/JCM.43.2.745-749.2005

T. Mhada, F. Fredrick, M. Matee, and A. Massawe, Neonatal sepsis at Muhimbili National Hospital, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania; aetiology, antimicrobial sensitivity pattern and clinical outcome, BMC Public Health, vol.28, issue.12, p.904, 2012.
DOI : 10.1159/000321237

N. Gyawali and R. Sanjana, Bacteriological Profile and Antibiogram of Neonatal Septicemia, The Indian Journal of Pediatrics, vol.35, issue.5, pp.371-375, 2013.
DOI : 10.1007/s12098-012-0911-9

J. Kiwanuka, J. Bazira, J. Mwanga, D. Tumusiime, E. Nyesigire et al., The Microbial Spectrum of Neonatal Sepsis in Uganda: Recovery of Culturable Bacteria in Mother-Infant Pairs, PLoS ONE, vol.7, issue.2, p.72775, 2013.
DOI : 10.1371/journal.pone.0072775.t004

N. Macharashvili, E. Kourbatova, M. Butsashvili, T. Tsertsvadze, L. Mcnutt et al., Etiology of neonatal blood stream infections in Tbilisi, Republic of Georgia, International Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol.13, issue.4, pp.499-505, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/j.ijid.2008.08.020

J. Mugalu, M. Nakakeeto, S. Kiguli, and D. Kaddu-mulindwa, Aetiology, risk factors and immediate outcome of bacteriologically confirmed neonatal septicaemia in Mulago hospital, Uganda, Afr Health Sci, vol.6, issue.2, pp.120-126, 2006.

Z. Muhammad, A. Ahmed, U. Hayat, M. Wazir, . Rafiyatullah et al., Neonatal sepsis: causative bacteria and their resistance to antibiotics, J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad, vol.22, issue.4, pp.33-39, 2010.

M. Nielsen, N. Sarpong, R. Krumkamp, D. Dekker, W. Loag et al., Incidence and Characteristics of Bacteremia among Children in Rural Ghana, PLoS ONE, vol.7, issue.9, p.44063, 2012.
DOI : 10.1371/journal.pone.0044063.t004

J. Ojukwu, L. Abonyi, J. Ugwu, and I. Orji, Neonatal septicemia in high risk babies in South-Eastern Nigeria, Journal of Perinatal Medicine, vol.34, issue.2, pp.166-72, 2006.
DOI : 10.1515/JPM.2006.030

D. Shitaye, D. Asrat, Y. Woldeamanuel, and B. Worku, Risk factors and etiology of neonatal sepsis in Tikur Anbessa University Hospital, Ethiopia, Ethiop Med J, vol.48, issue.1, pp.11-21, 2010.

R. Shrestha, S. Rai, L. Khanal, and P. Manda, Bacteriological study of neonatal sepsis and antibiotic susceptibility pattern of isolates in Kathmandu, Nepal, Nepal Med Coll J, vol.15, issue.1, pp.71-74, 2013.

B. Sigauque, A. Roca, I. Mandomando, L. Morais, L. Quinto et al., Community-Acquired Bacteremia Among Children Admitted to a Rural Hospital in Mozambique, The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, vol.28, issue.2, pp.108-121, 2009.
DOI : 10.1097/INF.0b013e318187a87d

N. Stoesser, C. Moore, J. Pocock, K. An, K. Emary et al., Pediatric Bloodstream Infections in Cambodia, 2007 to 2011, The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, vol.32, issue.7, pp.272-278, 2007.
DOI : 10.1097/INF.0b013e31828ba7c6

V. Sundaram, P. Kumar, S. Dutta, K. Mukhopadhyay, P. Ray et al., Blood culture confirmed bacterial sepsis in neonates in a North Indian tertiary care center: changes over the last decade, Jpn J Infect Dis, vol.62, issue.1, pp.46-50, 2009.

A. Talbert, M. Mwaniki, S. Mwarumba, C. Newton, and J. Berkley, Invasive Bacterial Infections in Neonates and Young Infants Born Outside Hospital Admitted to a Rural Hospital in Kenya, The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, vol.29, issue.10, pp.945-954, 2010.
DOI : 10.1097/INF.0b013e3181dfca8c

B. Zakariya, V. Bhat, B. Harish, A. Babu, T. Joseph et al., Neonatal Sepsis in a Tertiary Care Hospital in South India: Bacteriological Profile and Antibiotic Sensitivity Pattern, The Indian Journal of Pediatrics, vol.60, issue.4, pp.413-420, 2011.
DOI : 10.1007/s12098-010-0314-8

A. Jain, J. Agarwal, and S. Bansal, Prevalence of methicillin-resistant, coagulase-negative staphylococci in neonatal intensive care units: findings from a tertiary care hospital in India, Journal of Medical Microbiology, vol.53, issue.9, pp.941-945, 2004.
DOI : 10.1099/jmm.0.45565-0

G. Darmstadt, S. Saha, Y. Choi, E. Arifeen, S. Ahmed et al., Population???Based Incidence and Etiology of Community???Acquired Neonatal Bacteremia in Mirzapur, Bangladesh: An Observational Study, The Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol.200, issue.6, pp.906-921, 2009.
DOI : 10.1086/605473

F. Mir, S. Tikmani, S. Shakoor, H. Warraich, S. Sultana et al., Incidence and etiology of omphalitis in Pakistan: a community-based cohort study, J Infect Dev Ctries, vol.5, issue.12, pp.828-861, 2011.

K. Gray, S. Bennett, N. French, A. Phiri, and S. Graham, Invasive Group B Streptococcal Infection in Infants, Malawi, Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol.13, issue.2, pp.223-232, 2007.
DOI : 10.3201/eid1302.060680

A. Kruse, T. Chuong-do, H. Phuong, C. Duc, T. et al., Neonatal bloodstream infections in a pediatric hospital in Vietnam: A cohort study, Journal of Tropical Pediatrics, vol.59, issue.6, pp.483-491, 2013.
DOI : 10.1093/tropej/fmt056

J. Berkley, B. Lowe, I. Mwangi, T. Williams, E. Bauni et al., Bacteremia among Children Admitted to a Rural Hospital in Kenya, New England Journal of Medicine, vol.352, issue.1, pp.39-47, 2005.
DOI : 10.1056/NEJMoa040275

Y. Lubell, E. Ashley, C. Turner, P. Turner, and N. White, Susceptibility of community-acquired pathogens to antibiotics in Africa and Asia in neonates - an alarmingly short review, Tropical Medicine & International Health, vol.28, issue.Suppl 2, pp.145-51, 2011.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1365-3156.2010.02686.x

A. Seale, M. Mwaniki, C. Newton, and J. Berkley, Maternal and early onset neonatal bacterial sepsis: burden and strategies for prevention in sub-Saharan Africa, The Lancet Infectious Diseases, vol.9, issue.7, pp.428-466, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/S1473-3099(09)70172-0

D. Thaver and A. Zaidi, Burden of Neonatal Infections in Developing Countries, The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, vol.28, issue.Supplement, pp.3-9, 2009.
DOI : 10.1097/INF.0b013e3181958755

L. Downie, R. Armiento, R. Subhi, J. Kelly, V. Clifford et al., Community-acquired neonatal and infant sepsis in developing countries: efficacy of WHO's currently recommended antibiotics--systematic review and meta-analysis, Archives of Disease in Childhood, vol.98, issue.2, pp.146-54, 2013.
DOI : 10.1136/archdischild-2012-302033

C. Healy, C. Baker, D. Palazzi, J. Campbell, and M. Edwards, Distinguishing true coagulase-negative Staphylococcus infections from contaminants in the neonatal intensive care unit, Journal of Perinatology, vol.117, issue.1, pp.52-60, 2013.
DOI : 10.1038/jp.2012.36

A. Zaidi, W. Huskins, D. Thaver, Z. Bhutta, Z. Abbas et al., Hospital-acquired neonatal infections in developing countries, The Lancet, vol.365, issue.9465, pp.1175-88, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/S0140-6736(05)71881-X

Y. Chuang and Y. Huang, Molecular epidemiology of community-associated meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Asia, The Lancet Infectious Diseases, vol.13, issue.8, pp.698-708, 2013.
DOI : 10.1016/S1473-3099(13)70136-1

R. Holliman, H. Liddy, J. Johnson, and O. Adjei, Epidemiology of invasive pneumococcal disease in Kumasi, Ghana, Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, vol.101, issue.4, pp.405-418, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.trstmh.2006.08.014

P. Melin, Neonatal group B streptococcal disease: from pathogenesis to preventive strategies, Clinical Microbiology and Infection, vol.17, issue.9, pp.1294-303, 2011.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1469-0691.2011.03576.x

A. Dagnew, M. Cunnington, Q. Dube, M. Edwards, N. French et al., Variation in Reported Neonatal Group B Streptococcal Disease Incidence in Developing Countries, Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol.55, issue.1, pp.91-102, 2012.
DOI : 10.1093/cid/cis395

T. Kirn and M. Weinstein, Update on blood cultures: how to obtain, process, report, and interpret, Clinical Microbiology and Infection, vol.19, issue.6, pp.513-533, 2013.
DOI : 10.1111/1469-0691.12180

H. Schonheyder and M. Paul, Placing the burden of bacteraemia in perspective, Clinical Microbiology and Infection, vol.19, issue.6, pp.489-91, 2013.
DOI : 10.1111/1469-0691.12234

J. Rhodes, J. Hyder, L. Peruski, C. Fisher, P. Jorakate et al., Antibiotic Use in Thailand: Quantifying Impact on Blood Culture Yield and Estimates of Pneumococcal Bacteremia Incidence, American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, vol.83, issue.2, pp.301-307, 2010.
DOI : 10.4269/ajtmh.2010.09-0584

D. Hamer, G. Darmstadt, J. Carlin, A. Zaidi, K. Yeboah-antwi et al., Etiology of Bacteremia in Young Infants in Six Countries, The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, vol.34, issue.1, pp.1-8, 2015.
DOI : 10.1097/INF.0000000000000549