Thinning of the RPE and choroid associated with T lymphocyte recruitment in aged and light-challenged mice

Abstract : The choroidal vasculature is essential when it comes to bringing oxygen and nutrients to the functioning retina and evacuating debris resulting from the normal visual cycle. Choroidal thinning is a common feature in many human eye diseases, including high myopia [1,2] and retinitis pigmentosa [3,4], and has been reproducibly observed with age [5-7]. However, the association between choroidal thinning and age-related macular degeneration (AMD) remains controversial. Some authors have reported the loss of choriocapillaries in eyes with exudative AMD [8], and choroidal thinning has been detected in some studies [9-11]. Choroidal thinning has also been associated with geographic atrophy (GA), the dry form of late AMD [12-15]. A morphometric analysis by Ramrattan et al. more than two decades ago showed a decrease in choriocapillary density and diameter with age and in GA, but choroidal thinning was only significant with age [6]. Moreover, it has been reported that the choriocapillaries and choroid are thinner in areas where the RPE has degenerated [8]. However, all studies agree that aging is associated with significant choroidal thinning [16-18]. The exact mechanisms behind choroidal thinning with age or disease are not clear. The RPE is a monolayer of pigmented cells situated between photoreceptors and Bruch's membrane; its plays an essential role in the visual cycle. RPE65, which is also called 11-cis retinol isomerase and is strongly expressed in the RPE, participates in the production of 11-cis retinal [19], which is essential for photoreceptor function [20]. Mutations in the RPE65 gene cause progressive photoreceptor degeneration [21,22] and adult RPE65 −/−
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Molecular Vision, Molecular Vision, 2015, 21, pp.1051-9
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Serge Camelo, Bertrand Calippe, Sophie Lavalette, Elisa Dominguez, Justine Hur, et al.. Thinning of the RPE and choroid associated with T lymphocyte recruitment in aged and light-challenged mice. Molecular Vision, Molecular Vision, 2015, 21, pp.1051-9. 〈inserm-01231077〉



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