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Histidine Decarboxylase Deficiency Prevents Autoimmune Diabetes in NOD Mice

Abstract : Recent evidence has highlighted the role of histamine in inflammation. Since this monoamine has also been strongly implicated in the pathogenesis of type-1 diabetes, we assessed its effect in the nonobese diabetic (NOD) mouse model. To this end, we used mice (inactivated) knocked out for the gene encoding histidine decarboxylase, the unique histamine-forming enzyme, backcrossed on a NOD genetic background. We found that the lack of endogenous histamine in NOD HDC −/− mice decreased the incidence of diabetes in relation to their wild-type counterpart. Whereas the proportion of regulatory T and myeloid-derived suppressive cells was similar in both strains, histamine deficiency was associated with increased levels of immature macrophages, as compared with wild-type NOD mice. Concerning the cytokine pattern, we found a decrease in circulating IL-12 and IFN-í µí»¾ in HDC −/− mice, while IL-6 or leptin remained unchanged, suggesting that histamine primarily modulates the inflammatory environment. Paradoxically, exogenous histamine given to NOD HDC −/− mice provided also protection against T1D. Our study supports the notion that histamine is involved in the pathogenesis of diabetes, thus providing additional evidence for its role in the regulation of the immune response.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, June 30, 2015 - 11:12:07 AM
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Manal Alkan, François Machavoine, Rachel Rignault, Julie Dam, Michel Dy, et al.. Histidine Decarboxylase Deficiency Prevents Autoimmune Diabetes in NOD Mice. International Journal of Experimental Diabetes Research, Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2015, 2015, pp.965056. ⟨10.1155/2015/965056⟩. ⟨inserm-01169774⟩

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