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Contributions of contour frequency, amplitude, and luminance to the watercolor effect estimated by conjoint measurement Fr ed eric Devinck

Abstract : The watercolor effect is a long-range, assimilative, filling-in phenomenon induced by a pair of distant, wavy contours of different chromaticities. Here, we measured joint influences of the contour frequency and amplitude and the luminance of the interior contour on the strength of the effect. Contour pairs, each enclosing a circular region, were presented with two of the dimensions varying independently across trials (luminance/frequency, luminance/amplitude, frequency/ amplitude) in a conjoint measurement paradigm (Luce & Tukey, 1964). In each trial, observers judged which of the stimuli evoked the strongest fill-in color. Control stimuli were identical except that the contours were intertwined and generated little filling-in. Perceptual scales were estimated by a maximum likelihood method (Ho, Landy, & Maloney, 2008). An additive model accounted for the joint contributions of any pair of dimensions. As shown previously using difference scaling (Devinck & Knoblauch, 2012), the strength increases with luminance of the interior contour. The strength of the phenomenon was nearly independent of the amplitude of modulation of the contour but increased with its frequency up to an asymptotic level. On average, the strength of the effect was similar along a given dimension regardless of the other dimension with which it was paired, demonstrating consistency of the underlying estimated perceptual scales.
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Peggy Gerardin, Frédéric Devinck, Michel Dojat, Kenneth Knoblauch. Contributions of contour frequency, amplitude, and luminance to the watercolor effect estimated by conjoint measurement Fr ed eric Devinck. Journal of Vision, Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, 2014, pp.1-14. ⟨10.1167/14.4.9⟩. ⟨inserm-01166901⟩

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