Effect of retirement on alcohol consumption: longitudinal evidence from the French Gazel cohort study.

Abstract : Little is known about the effect of retirement on alcohol consumption. The objectives were to examine changes in alcohol consumption following retirement, and whether these patterns differ by gender and socioeconomic status. We assessed alcohol consumption annually from 5 years before to 5 years after retirement among 10,023 men and 2,361 women of the French Gazel study. Data were analyzed separately for men and women, using repeated-measures logistic regression analysis with generalized estimating equations. Five years prior to retirement, the prevalence of heavy drinking was about 16% among men, and not patterned by socioeconomic status. Among women, this prevalence was 19.5% in managers, 14.7% in intermediate occupations, and 12.8% in clerical workers. Around retirement, the estimated prevalence of heavy drinking increased in both sexes. In men, this increase was 3.1 percentage points for managers, 3.2 in intermediate occupations, 4.6 in clerical workers, and 1.3 in manual workers. In women, this increase was 6.6 percentage points among managers, 4.3 in intermediate occupations, and 3.3 among clerical workers. In men the increase around retirement was followed by a decrease over the following four years, not significant among manual workers; among women such a decrease was also observed in the non-managerial occupations. It is difficult to assess the extent to which the results observed in this cohort would hold for other working populations, other conditions of employment, or in other cultural settings. A plausible explanation for the increase in heavy drinking around retirement could be that increased leisure time after retirement provides more opportunities for drinking, and not having to work during the day after may decrease constraints on drinking. Our findings of increased consumption around retirement suggest that information about negative effects of alcohol consumption should be included in pre-retirement planning programs.
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2010, 6 (10), pp.e26531. 〈10.1371/journal.pone.0026531〉
Liste complète des métadonnées

Littérature citée [32 références]  Voir  Masquer  Télécharger

Contributeur : Pascale Sztajnbok <>
Soumis le : jeudi 4 juin 2015 - 11:51:07
Dernière modification le : jeudi 30 novembre 2017 - 01:16:19
Document(s) archivé(s) le : mardi 15 septembre 2015 - 10:51:51


Zins et al retirement and alco...
Fichiers éditeurs autorisés sur une archive ouverte




Marie Zins, Alice Guéguen, Mika Kivimaki, Archana Singh-Manoux, Annette Leclerc, et al.. Effect of retirement on alcohol consumption: longitudinal evidence from the French Gazel cohort study.. PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2010, 6 (10), pp.e26531. 〈10.1371/journal.pone.0026531〉. 〈inserm-01159990〉



Consultations de la notice


Téléchargements de fichiers