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Negative aspects of close relationships as a predictor of increased body mass index and waist circumference: the Whitehall II study.

Abstract : We investigated whether exposure to negative aspects of close relationships was associated with subsequent increase in body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference. Data came from a prospective cohort study (Whitehall II) of 9425 civil servants aged 35 to 55 years at baseline (phase 1: 1985-1988). We assessed negative aspects of close relationships with the Close Persons Questionnaire (range 0-12) at phases 1 and 2 (1989-1990). We measured BMI and waist circumference at phases 3 (1991-1994) and 5 (1997-1999). Covariates at phase 1 included gender, age, marital status, ethnicity, BMI, employment grade, smoking, physical activity, fruit and vegetable consumption, and common mental disorder. After adjustment for sociodemographic characteristics and health behaviors, participants with higher exposure to negative aspects of close relationships had a higher likelihood of a 10% or greater increase in BMI and waist circumference (odds ratios per 1-unit increase 1.08 [95% confidence interval (CI) =1.02, 1.14; P = .007] and 1.09 [CI = 1.04, 1.14; P ≤ .001], respectively) as well as a transition from the overweight (25 ≤ BMI < 30) to the obese (BMI ≥ 0) category. Adverse social relationships may contribute to weight gain.
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Anne Kouvonen, Mai Stafford, Roberto de Vogli, Martin Shipley, Michael Marmot, et al.. Negative aspects of close relationships as a predictor of increased body mass index and waist circumference: the Whitehall II study.. American Journal of Public Health, American Public Health Association, 2011, 101 (8), pp.1474-80. ⟨10.2105/AJPH.2010.300115)⟩. ⟨inserm-01159986⟩

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