D. Smith, G. Gunnell, D. Ben-shlomo, and Y. , Life-course approaches to socio-economic differentials in cause-specific adult mortality

D. Leon and W. G. , Poverty, inequality and health, pp.88-124, 2000.
DOI : 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192631961.001.0001

S. Syme and L. Berkman, SOCIAL CLASS, SUSCEPTIBILITY AND SICKNESS, American Journal of Epidemiology, vol.104, issue.1, pp.1-8, 1976.
DOI : 10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a112268

H. Selye, The stress of life, 1956.

E. Brunner, Socioeconomic determinants of health: Stress and the biology of inequality, BMJ, vol.314, issue.7092, pp.1472-1478, 1997.
DOI : 10.1136/bmj.314.7092.1472

B. Garrsen, Psycho-oncology and cancer: linking psychosocial factors with cancer development, Annals of Oncology, vol.13, issue.suppl 4, pp.171-176, 2002.
DOI : 10.1093/annonc/mdf656

E. Wright, Class counts. Cambridge, 2000.
DOI : 10.1017/cbo9780511488917

S. Johansson, Death and the doctors: medicine and elite mortality in Britain from 1500 to 1800. Cambridge: Cambridge Group for the History of Population and Social Structure Working Paper Series number 7, 1999. 8 Rellman AS, Angell M. Resolved: psychosocial interventions can improve clinical outcomes in organic disease (Con), Psychosom Med, vol.64, pp.558-63, 2002.

H. Bosma, M. Marmot, and H. Hemingway, Low job control and risk of coronary heart disease in whitehall ii (prospective cohort) study, BMJ, vol.314, issue.7080, pp.558-65, 1997.
DOI : 10.1136/bmj.314.7080.558

S. Stansfeld, R. Fuhrer, and M. Shipley, Psychological distress as a risk factor for coronary heart disease in the Whitehall II Study, International Journal of Epidemiology, vol.31, issue.1, pp.248-55, 2002.
DOI : 10.1093/ije/31.1.248

J. Macleod, D. Smith, G. Heslop, and P. , Psychological stress and cardiovascular disease: empirical demonstration of bias in a prospective observational study of Scottish men * Commentary: Psychosocial factors and health---strengthening the evidence base, BMJ, vol.324, issue.7348, pp.1247-51, 2002.
DOI : 10.1136/bmj.324.7348.1247

J. Macleod, D. Smith, G. Heslop, and P. , Are the effects of psychosocial exposures attributable to confounding? Evidence from a prospective observational study on psychological stress and mortality, Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, vol.55, issue.12, pp.878-84, 2001.
DOI : 10.1136/jech.55.12.878

E. Brunner, Stress mechanisms in coronary heart disease Stress and the heart: psychosocial pathways to coronary heart disease, BMJ Books, pp.181-99, 2002.

M. Marmot, Commentary: Occupational therapy or the major challenge?, International Journal of Epidemiology, vol.31, issue.6, pp.1122-1126, 2002.
DOI : 10.1093/ije/31.6.1122

M. Marmot, H. Bosma, and H. Hemingway, Contribution of job control and other risk factors to social variations in coronary heart disease incidence, The Lancet, vol.350, issue.9073, pp.235-244, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0140-6736(97)04244-X

C. Tate, Cigarette wars: the triumph of " the little white slaver, 1999.

D. Smith, G. Ebrahim, and S. , Data dredging, bias, or confounding, BMJ, vol.325, issue.7378, pp.1437-1445, 2002.
DOI : 10.1136/bmj.325.7378.1437

R. Weitkunat and M. Wildner, Exploratory causal modeling in epidemiology, Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, vol.55, issue.5, pp.436-480, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S0895-4356(01)00507-8

C. Patel, M. Marmot, and D. Terry, Trial of relaxation in reducing coronary risk: four year follow up., BMJ, vol.290, issue.6475, pp.1103-1109, 1985.
DOI : 10.1136/bmj.290.6475.1103

K. Orth-gomer, I. Eriksson, and V. Moser, Lipid lowering through work stress reduction, International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, vol.6, issue.2, pp.204-218, 1994.
DOI : 10.1207/s15327558ijbm0103_2

W. 21-linden, C. Stossel, and M. J. , Psychosocial Interventions for Patients With Coronary Artery Disease, Archives of Internal Medicine, vol.156, issue.7, pp.745-52, 1996.
DOI : 10.1001/archinte.1996.00440070065008

D. Smith, G. Ebrahim, and S. , 'Mendelian randomization': can genetic epidemiology contribute to understanding environmental determinants of disease?, International Journal of Epidemiology, vol.32, issue.1, pp.1-22, 2002.
DOI : 10.1093/ije/dyg070

J. Lynch, D. Smith, G. Kaplan, and G. , Income inequality and mortality: importance to health of individual income, psychosocial environment, or material conditions, BMJ, vol.320, issue.7243, pp.1200-1204, 2000.
DOI : 10.1136/bmj.320.7243.1200

H. Kuper and M. Marmot, Job strain, job demands, decision latitude, and risk of coronary heart disease within the Whitehall II study, Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, vol.57, issue.2, pp.147-53, 2003.
DOI : 10.1136/jech.57.2.147

T. Pickering, Job Stress, Control, and Chronic Disease: Moving to the Next Level of Evidence, Psychosomatic Medicine, vol.63, issue.5, pp.734-770, 2001.
DOI : 10.1097/00006842-200109000-00005

M. Burg and L. Berkman, Psychosocial interventions in coronary heart disease Stress and the heart: psychosocial pathways to coronary heart disease, BMJ Books, pp.278-93, 2002.

J. Lynch, D. Smith, and G. , Rates and states: reflections on the health of nations, International Journal of Epidemiology, vol.32, issue.4
DOI : 10.1093/ije/dyg096

S. Szreter, The Population Health Approach in Historical Perspective, American Journal of Public Health, vol.93, issue.3, pp.421-452, 2003.
DOI : 10.2105/AJPH.93.3.421

P. Lindert, When did inequality rise in Britain and America?, Journal of Income Distribution, vol.9, issue.1, pp.11-25, 1964.
DOI : 10.1016/S0926-6437(99)00012-8

C. Us and . Bureau, Reported voting and registration by region, educational attainment and labor force, 1964.

D. Leon, D. Leon, and W. G. , Common threads: underlying components of inequalities in mortality between and within countries Poverty, inequality and health, pp.58-87, 2000.