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Rééducation pelvi-périnéale et troubles de la statique pelvienne de la femme

Abstract : Our goal is to provide an update on the results of pelvic floor rehabilitation in the treatment of urinary incontinence and genital prolapse symptoms. Pelvic floor muscle training allows a reduction of urinary incontinence symptoms. Pelvic floor muscle contractions supervised by a healthcare professional allow cure in half cases of stress urinary incontinence. Viewing this contraction through biofeedback improves outcomes, but this effect could also be due by a more intensive and prolonged program with the physiotherapist. The place of electrostimulation remains unclear. The results obtained with vaginal cones are similar to pelvic floor muscle training with or without biofeedback or electrostimulation. It is not known whether pelvic floor muscle training has an effect after one year. In case of stress urinary incontinence, supervised pelvic floor muscle training avoid surgery in half cases at 1 year follow-up. Pelvic floor muscle training is the first-line treatment of postpartum urinary incontinence. Its preventive effect is uncertain. Pelvic floor muscle training may reduce the symptoms associated with genital prolapse. In conclusion, pelvic floor rehabilitation supervised by a physiotherapist is an effective short term treatment to reduce the symptoms of urinary incontinence or pelvic organ prolapse.
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Thibault Thubert, Els Bakker, Xavier Fritel. Rééducation pelvi-périnéale et troubles de la statique pelvienne de la femme. Gynécologie Obstétrique & Fertilité, Elsevier Masson, 2015, 43 (5), pp.non connue à ce jour. ⟨10.1016/j.gyobfe.2015.03.026⟩. ⟨inserm-01150249⟩



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