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O-GlcNAcylation and inflammation: a vast territory to explore

Abstract : O-GlcNAcylation is a reversible post-translational modification that regulates the activities of cytosolic and nuclear proteins according to glucose availability.This modification appears to participate in several hyperglycemia-associated complications. An important feature of metabolic diseases such as diabetes and obesity is the presence of a low-grade chronic inflammation that causes numerous complications. Hyperglycemia associated with the metabolic syndrome is known to promote inflammatory processes through different mech-anisms including oxidative stress and abnormally elevated protein O-GlcNAcylation. How-ever, the role of O-GlcNAcylation on inflammation remains contradictory. O-GlcNAcylation associated with hyperglycemia has been shown to increase nuclear factor κB (NFκB) transcriptional activity through different mechanisms.This could contribute in inflammation-associated diabetic complications. However, in other conditions such as acute vascular injury, O-linked N-acetyl glucosamine (O-GlcNAc) also exerts anti-inflammatory effects via inhibition of the NFκB pathway, suggesting a complex regulation of inflammation by O-GlcNAc. Moreover, whereas macrophages and monocytes exposed to high glucose for a long-term period developed a pro-inflammatory phenotype, the impact of O-GlcNAcylation in these cells remains unclear. A future challenge will be to clearly establish the role of O-GlcNAcylation in pro-and anti-inflammatory functions in macrophages.
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Léa Baudoin, Tarik Issad. O-GlcNAcylation and inflammation: a vast territory to explore. Frontiers in Endocrinology, Frontiers, 2015, ⟨10.3389/fendo.2014.00235⟩. ⟨inserm-01103384⟩

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