M. Aepfelbacher, F. Vauti, P. Weber, and J. Glomset, Spreading of differentiating human monocytes is associated with a major increase in membrane-bound CDC42., Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol.91, issue.10, 1994.
DOI : 10.1073/pnas.91.10.4263

A. Albersdörfer, T. Feder, and E. Sackmann, Adhesion-induced domain formation by interplay of long-range repulsion and short-range attraction force: a model membrane study, Proc Natl Acad Sci, pp.4263-4267, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0006-3495(97)78065-2

R. Alon, D. Hammer, and T. Springer, Lifetime of the P-selectin-carbohydrate bond and its response to tensile force in hydrodynamic flow, Nature, vol.374, issue.6522, pp.539-542, 1995.
DOI : 10.1038/374539a0

P. André, A. Benoliel, C. Capo, C. Foa, M. Buferne et al., Use of conjugates made between a cytolytic T cell clone and target cells to study the redistribution of membrane molecules in contact areas, J Cell Sci, vol.97, pp.335-347, 1990.

J. Apgar, Increased degranulation and phospholipase A(2), C, and D activity in RBL cells stimulated through Fc epsilon R1 is due to spreading and not simply adhesion, J Cell Sci, vol.110, pp.771-780, 1997.

D. Axelrod, Cell-substrate contacts illuminated by total internal reflection fluorescence, The Journal of Cell Biology, vol.89, issue.1, pp.141-145, 1981.
DOI : 10.1083/jcb.89.1.141

G. Bell, M. Dembo, and P. Bongrand, Cell adhesion. Competition between nonspecific repulsion and specific bonding, Biophysical Journal, vol.45, issue.6, pp.1051-1064, 1984.
DOI : 10.1016/S0006-3495(84)84252-6

B. Shaul, Y. Moscona, and A. , Scanning electron microscopy of aggregating embryonic neural retina cells, Experimental Cell Research, vol.95, issue.1, pp.191-204, 1975.
DOI : 10.1016/0014-4827(75)90624-2

H. Bennett, MORPHOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF EXTRACELLULAR POLYSACCHARIDES, Journal of Histochemistry & Cytochemistry, vol.11, issue.1, pp.14-23, 1963.
DOI : 10.1177/11.1.14

A. Bernard, M. Guedeau-boudeville, L. Jullien, and J. Di-meglio, Strong Adhesion of Giant Vesicles on Surfaces:?? Dynamics and Permeability, Langmuir, vol.16, issue.17, pp.6809-6820, 2000.
DOI : 10.1021/la991341x

R. Bohmer, E. Scharf, and R. Assoian, Cytoskeletal integrity is required throughout the mitogen stimulation phase of the cell cycle and mediates the anchorage-dependent expression of cyclin D1 Specific and nonspecific interactions in cell biology, Mol Biol Cell Bongrand P J Dispersion Sci Technol, vol.7, issue.19, pp.101-111, 1996.

P. Bongrand, Ligand-receptor interactions, Reports on Progress in Physics, vol.62, issue.6, pp.921-968, 1999.
DOI : 10.1088/0034-4885/62/6/202

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00320498

P. Bongrand and G. Bell, Cell-cell adhesion: Parameters and possible mechanisms in: Cell Surface Dynamics -Concepts and Models, pp.459-493, 1984.

P. Bongrand and P. Golstein, Reproducible dissociation of cellular aggregates with a wide range of calibrated shear forces: Application to cytolytic lymphocyte-target cell conjugates, Journal of Immunological Methods, vol.58, issue.1-2, pp.209-224, 1979.
DOI : 10.1016/0022-1759(83)90276-4

P. Bongrand, C. Capo, and R. Depieds, Physics of cell adhesion Kinetics of membrane adhesion mediated by ligand-receptor interaction studied with a biomimetic system, Prog Surface Sci Boulbitch A, Guttenberg Z, Sackmann E Biophys J, vol.12, issue.81, pp.217-286, 1982.

J. Boyles and D. Bainton, Changing patterns of plasma membrane-associated filaments during the initial phases of polymorphonuclear leukocyte adherence, The Journal of Cell Biology, vol.82, issue.2, pp.347-368, 1979.
DOI : 10.1083/jcb.82.2.347

F. Brochard and J. Lennon, Frequency spectrum of the flicker phenomenon in erythrocytes, Journal de Physique, vol.36, issue.11, pp.1035-1047, 1975.
DOI : 10.1051/jphys:0197500360110103500

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/jpa-00208345

F. Brochard-wyart and P. De-gennes, Adhesion induced by mobile binders: Dynamics, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol.99, issue.12, pp.7854-7859, 2002.
DOI : 10.1073/pnas.112221299

S. Bunnell, V. Kapoor, R. Trible, W. Zhang, and E. Samelson, Dynamic Actin Polymerization Drives T Cell Receptor???Induced Spreading, Immunity, vol.14, issue.3, pp.315-329, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S1074-7613(01)00112-1

URL : http://doi.org/10.1016/s1074-7613(01)00112-1

K. Burridge, K. Fath, T. Kelly, G. Nuckolls, and C. Turner, Focal Adhesions: Transmembrane Junctions Between the Extracellular Matrix and the Cytoskeleton, Annual Review of Cell Biology, vol.4, issue.1, pp.487-525, 1988.
DOI : 10.1146/annurev.cb.04.110188.002415

C. Capo, F. Garrouste, A. Benoliel, P. Bongrand, A. Ryter et al., Concanavalin A-mediated thymocyte agglutination: a model for a quantitative study of cell adhesion, J Cell Sci, vol.26, pp.21-48, 1982.

C. Chen, M. Mrksich, S. Huang, G. Whitesides, and D. Ingber, Geometric Control of Cell Life and Death, Science, vol.276, issue.5317, pp.1425-1428, 1997.
DOI : 10.1126/science.276.5317.1425

S. Chesla, P. Selvaraj, and C. Zhu, Measuring Two-Dimensional Receptor-Ligand Binding Kinetics by Micropipette, Biophysical Journal, vol.75, issue.3, pp.1553-1572, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/S0006-3495(98)74074-3

H. Cheung and D. Terry, Effects of nocodazole, a new synthetic microtubule inhibitor, on movement and spreading of mouse peritoneal macrophages, Cell Biology International Reports, vol.4, issue.12, pp.1125-1129, 1980.
DOI : 10.1016/0309-1651(80)90050-8

A. Choi and C. Siu, Filopodia are enriched in a cell cohesion molecule of Mr 80,000 and participate in cell-cell contact formation in Dictyostelium discoideum, The Journal of Cell Biology, vol.104, issue.5, pp.1375-1387, 1987.
DOI : 10.1083/jcb.104.5.1375

J. Chun, Requirement of alkaline cytoplasmic pH for HeLa cell adhesion to a collagen substratum, Mol Cells, vol.5, pp.72-76, 1995.

D. Cox, C. Tseng, G. Bjekic, and S. Greenberg, A Requirement for Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase in Pseudopod Extension, Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol.274, issue.3, pp.1240-1247, 1999.
DOI : 10.1074/jbc.274.3.1240

L. Cramer and T. Mitchison, Myosin is involved in postmitotic cell spreading The mechanism of adhesion of cells to glass Interference reflection microscopy and related microscopy and cell adhesion in: Studying Cell Adhesion Topographical control of cells, J Cell Biol Curtis ASG J Cell Biol Curtis ASG Biomaterials, vol.131, issue.18, pp.179-189, 1964.

M. Dalby, S. Yarwood, M. Riehle, H. Johnstone, S. Affrossman et al., Increasing Fibroblast Response to Materials Using Nanotopography: Morphological and Genetic Measurements of Cell Response to 13-nm-High Polymer Demixed Islands, Experimental Cell Research, vol.276, issue.1, pp.1-9, 1993.
DOI : 10.1006/excr.2002.5498

N. Demaurex, G. Downey, T. Waddell, and S. Grinstein, Intracellular pH regulation during spreading of human neutrophils, The Journal of Cell Biology, vol.133, issue.6, pp.1391-1402, 1996.
DOI : 10.1083/jcb.133.6.1391

J. Drury, D. Msouza-schorey, C. Boettner, and B. , Aspiration of human neutrophils: effects of shear thinning and cortical dissipation Rac regulates integrin-mediated spreading and increased adhesion of T lymphocytes, Biophys J Van Aelst L Mol Cell Biol, vol.81, issue.18, pp.3166-3177, 1998.

G. Dunn, D. Zicha, and P. Fraylich, Rapid, microtubule-dependent fluctuations of the cell margin, J Cell Sci, vol.110, pp.3091-3098, 1997.

M. Dustin, D. Golan, D. Zhu, J. Miller, W. Meier et al., Low Affinity Interaction of Human or Rat T Cell Adhesion Molecule CD2 with Its Ligand Aligns Adhering Membranes to Achieve High Physiological Affinity, Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol.272, issue.49, pp.30889-30898, 1997.
DOI : 10.1074/jbc.272.49.30889

M. Dustin, S. Bromley, M. Davis, and C. Zhu, Identification of Self Through Two-Dimensional Chemistry and Synapses, Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology, vol.17, issue.1, pp.133-157, 2001.
DOI : 10.1146/annurev.cellbio.17.1.133

H. Duwe and E. Sackmann, Bending elasticity and thermal excitations of lipid bilayer vesicles: Modulation by solutes, Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, vol.163, issue.1, pp.410-428, 1990.
DOI : 10.1016/0378-4371(90)90349-W

G. Easty and E. Mercer, An electron microscope study of model tissues formed by the agglutination of erythrocytes, Experimental Cell Research, vol.28, issue.2, pp.215-227, 1962.
DOI : 10.1016/0014-4827(62)90277-X

E. Evans, Detailed mechanics of membrane-membrane adhesion and separation. I. Continuum of molecular cross-bridges, Biophysical Journal, vol.48, issue.1, pp.175-183, 1985.
DOI : 10.1016/S0006-3495(85)83770-X

E. Evans, Detailed mechanics of membrane-membrane adhesion and separation. II. Discrete kinetically trapped molecular cross-bridges, Biophysical Journal, vol.48, issue.1, pp.185-192, 1985.
DOI : 10.1016/S0006-3495(85)83771-1

E. Evans and B. Kukan, Passive material behavior of granulocytes based on large deformations and recovery after deformation tests, Blood, vol.64, pp.1028-1035, 1984.

E. Evans and A. Leung, Adhesivity and rigidity of erythrocyte membrane in relation to wheat germ agglutinin binding, The Journal of Cell Biology, vol.98, issue.4, pp.1201-1208, 1984.
DOI : 10.1083/jcb.98.4.1201

T. Feder, G. Weissmüller, B. Zeks, and E. Sackmann, Spreading of giant vesicles on moderately adhesive substrates by fingering: A reflection interference contrast microscopy study, Physical Review E, vol.51, issue.4, pp.3427-3433, 1995.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevE.51.3427

C. Foa, J. Mège, C. Capo, A. Benoliel, J. Galindo et al., T-cell mediated cytolysis: analysis of killer and target deformability and deformation during conjugate formation, J Cell Sci, vol.89, pp.561-573, 1988.

J. Folkman and A. Moscona, Role of cell shape in growth control, Nature, vol.72, issue.5661, pp.345-349, 1978.
DOI : 10.1038/268578a0

J. Geginat, G. Bossi, J. R. Bender, and R. Pardi, Anchorage dependence of mitogen-induced G(1) to S transition in primary T lymphocytes, Journal of Immunology, vol.162, pp.5085-5093, 1999.

D. Gingell, J. Todd, and . Bailey, Topography of cell-glass apposition revealed by total internal reflection fluorescence of volume markers, The Journal of Cell Biology, vol.100, issue.4, pp.1334-1338, 1985.
DOI : 10.1083/jcb.100.4.1334

H. Haller, C. Lindschau, . Maasch, D. Olthoff, F. Kurscheid et al., Integrin-Induced Protein Kinase C?? and C?? Translocation to Focal Adhesions Mediates Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Spreading, Circulation Research, vol.82, issue.2, pp.157-165, 1998.
DOI : 10.1161/01.RES.82.2.157

D. A. Hammer and D. Lauffenburger, A dynamical model for receptor-mediated cell adhesion to surfaces, Biophysical Journal, vol.52, issue.3, pp.475-487, 1987.
DOI : 10.1016/S0006-3495(87)83236-8

J. E. Heaysman and S. Pegrum, Early contacts between fibroblasts Adhesions to substratum and locomotory behaviour of fibroblastic and epithelial cells in culture Steric interaction of fluid membranes in multilayer systems, Exp. Cell Res. Heath J P Cell Behaviour Helfrich W Z. Naturforsch, vol.78, issue.33, pp.71-78, 1973.

H. P. Hohn and H. W. Denker, The Role of Cell Shape for Differentiation of Choriocarcinoma Cells on Extracellular Matrix, Experimental Cell Research, vol.215, issue.1, pp.40-50, 1994.
DOI : 10.1006/excr.1994.1312

M. Horoyan, A. Benoliel, C. Capo, and P. Bongrand, Localization of calcium and microfilament changes in mechanically stressed cells, Cell Biophysics, vol.82, issue.3, pp.243-256, 1990.
DOI : 10.1007/BF02990720

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inserm-00401740

D. Ingber, Y. Iwanaga, D. Braun, and P. Fromherz, Fibronectin controls capillary endothelial cell growth by modulating cell shape., Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol.87, issue.9, pp.3579-3583, 2001.
DOI : 10.1073/pnas.87.9.3579

C. Izzard, A precursor of the focal contact in cultured fibroblasts, Cell Motility and the Cytoskeleton, vol.103, issue.1-2, pp.137-142, 1976.
DOI : 10.1002/cm.970100118

G. Jones, R. Gillett, T. Partridge, A. Kloboucek, A. Behrisch et al., Rapid modification of the morphology of cell contact sites during the aggregation of limpet haemocytes Dimensional changes in cells and tissues during specimen preparation for the electron microscope Adhesion-induced receptor segregation and adhesion plaque formation: a model membrane study Cell biology of cytotoxic and helper T cell functions: immunofluorescence microscopic studies of single cells and cell couples, J Cell Sci King MV Cell Biophys Biophys J Ann Rev Immunol, vol.22, issue.7, pp.21-33, 1976.

M. Lawrence and T. Springer, Leukocytes roll on a selectin at physiologic flow rates: Distinction from and prerequisite for adhesion through integrins, Cell, vol.65, issue.5, pp.859-873, 1991.
DOI : 10.1016/0092-8674(91)90393-D

M. Lawrence, T. Springer, J. Lefkowith, M. Lennartz, M. Rogers et al., Neutrophils roll on E-selectin Phospholipase activation during monocyte adherence and spreading, J Immunol J Immunol, vol.151, issue.149, pp.6338-6346, 1992.

J. Li, Z. Zhu, and Z. Bao, Role of Mac MARCKS in integrin-dependent macrophage spreading and tyrosine phosphorylation of paxillin, J Biol Chem, vol.271, pp.12985-12990, 1996.

Y. Liu, Y. Hiraiwa, E. Liu, H. Kurata, A. Thant et al., Suppression of cell spreading by v-Crk requires Ras-MEK-MAP kinase signaling Regulated actin cytoskeleton assembly at filopodium typs controls their extension and retraction, Oncogene J Cell Biol, vol.20, issue.146, pp.5908-5912, 1999.

L. Masiero, K. Lapidos, I. Ambudkar, and E. Kohn, Regulation of the RhoA pathway in human endothelial cell spreading on type IV collagen : role of calcium influx, J Cell Sci, vol.112, pp.3205-3213, 1999.

B. Masson-gadais, A. Pierres, A. Benoliel, P. Bongrand, and J. Lissitzky, Integrin alpha and beta subunit contribution to the kinetic properties of alpha 2-beta 1 collagen receptors on human keratinocytes analyzed under hydrodynamic conditions, J Cell Sci, vol.112, pp.2335-2345, 1999.

J. Mège, C. Capo, A. Benoliel, C. Foa, R. Galindo et al., Quantification of cell surface roughness; a method for studying cell mechanical and adhesive properties, Journal of Theoretical Biology, vol.119, issue.2, pp.147-160, 1986.
DOI : 10.1016/S0022-5193(86)80070-4

J. Mège, C. Capo, A. Benoliel, and P. Bongrand, Use of cell contour analysis to evaluate the affinity between macrophages and glutaraldehyde-treated erythrocytes, Biophysical Journal, vol.52, issue.2, pp.177-186, 1987.
DOI : 10.1016/S0006-3495(87)83205-8

M. Mescher, surface contact requirements for activation of cytotoxic T lymphocytes, J. Immunol, vol.149, pp.2402-2405, 1992.

W. Niles, J. Silvius, and F. Cohen, Resonance energy transfer imaging of phospholipid vesicle interaction with a planar phospholipid membrane: undulations and attachment sites in the region of calcium-mediated membrane--membrane adhesion, The Journal of General Physiology, vol.107, issue.3, pp.329-351, 1996.
DOI : 10.1085/jgp.107.3.329

S. Ory, Y. Munari-silerm, P. Fort, P. Jeudic, S. Palecek et al., Rho and Rac exert antagonistic functions on spreading of macrophage-derived multinucleated cells andare not required for actin fiber formation Integrin-ligand binding properties govern cell migration speed through cell-substratum adhesiveness, J Cell Sci Nature, vol.113, issue.385, pp.1177-1188, 1997.

K. Patel, M. Nollert, and R. Mcever, P-selectin must extend a sufficient length from the plasma membrane to mediate rolling of neutrophils, The Journal of Cell Biology, vol.131, issue.6, pp.1893-1902, 1995.
DOI : 10.1083/jcb.131.6.1893

E. Perret, A. Benoliel, P. Nassoy, A. Pierres, V. Delmas et al., Fast dissociation kinetics between individual E-cadherin fragments revealed by flow chamber analysis, The EMBO Journal, vol.21, issue.11, pp.2537-2546, 2002.
DOI : 10.1093/emboj/21.11.2537

C. Peskin, G. Odell, and G. Oster, Cellular motions and thermal fluctuations: the Brownian ratchet, Biophysical Journal, vol.65, issue.1, pp.316-324, 1993.
DOI : 10.1016/S0006-3495(93)81035-X

E. Pettit, M. Hallett, A. Pierres, O. Tissot, B. Malissen et al., cytosolic Ca 2+ triggers rapid spreading of human neutrophils adherent via integrin engagement Dynamic adhesion of CD8-positive cells to antibody-coated surfaces -the initial step is independent of microfilaments and intracellular domains of cell-binding molecules Determination of the lifetime and force dependence of interactions of single bonds between surface-attached CD2 and CD48 adhesion molecules Studying receptor-mediated cell adhesion at the single molecule level Experimental study of the interaction range and association rate of surface-attached cadherin 11 Cell-cell interaction, Physical Chemistry of Biological Interfaces, pp.2209-2215, 1994.

A. Baszkin, W. Norde, O. Pletjushkina, A. Belkin, O. Ivanova et al., Maturation of cell-substratum focal adhesions induced by depolymerization of microtubules is mediated by increased cortical tension, Cell Adhesion Commun, vol.5, pp.459-522, 1998.

S. Qi, J. Groves, and A. Chakraborty, Synaptic pattern formation during cellular recognition, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol.98, issue.12, pp.6548-6553, 2001.
DOI : 10.1073/pnas.111536798

D. Raucher and M. Sheetz, Cell Spreading and Lamellipodial Extension Rate Is Regulated by Membrane Tension, The Journal of Cell Biology, vol.108, issue.1, pp.127-136, 2000.
DOI : 10.1126/science.281.5373.105

F. Re, A. Zanetti, M. Sironi, N. Polentarutti, L. Lanfrancone et al., Inhibition of anchorage-dependent cell spreading triggers apoptosis in cultured human endothelial cells, Cell fitting to adhesive surfaces, pp.537-546, 1994.
DOI : 10.1083/jcb.127.2.537

D. Rees, C. Lloyd, and D. Thom, Control of grip and stick in cell adhesion through lateral relationships of membrane glycoproteins, Nature, vol.72, issue.5607, pp.124-128, 1977.
DOI : 10.1038/267124a0

X. Ren, W. Kiosses, M. Schwartz, R. Richards, M. Stiffanic et al., Regulation of the small GTP-binding protein Rho by cell adhesion and the cytoskeleton EMBO Immunogold labelling of fibroblast focal adhesion sites visualised in fixed material using scanning electron microscopy, and living, using internal reflection microscopy The leucocyte actin cytoskeleton Dynamic study of cell mechanical and structural responses to rapid changes of calcium level Leading edge movement and ulstrastructure in mouse macrophages, J Cell Biol Int Bull Inst Pasteur Richelme F, Benoliel AM, Bongrand P Cell Motil Cytoskeleton J Struct Biol, vol.18, issue.106, pp.578-585, 1991.

C. Rosette and K. M. , Cytoskeletal control of gene expression: Depolymerization of microtubules activates NF-kappa B Extracellular matrix-dependent tissue-specific gene expression in mammary epithelial cells requires both physical and biochemical signal transduction, J Cell Biol Roskelley CD, Desprez PY Bissel MJ Proc Natl Acad Sci, vol.128, issue.91, pp.1111-1119, 1994.

R. Runyan, J. Versakovic, and B. Shur, Functionally distinct laminin receptors mediate cell adhesion and spreading: the requirement for surface galactosyltransferase in cell spreading, The Journal of Cell Biology, vol.107, issue.5, pp.1863-1871, 1988.
DOI : 10.1083/jcb.107.5.1863

S. Sabri, A. Pierres, A. Benoliel, and P. Bongrand, Influence of surface charges on cell adhesion: difference between static and dynamic conditions, Biochemistry and Cell Biology, vol.73, issue.7-8, pp.411-420, 1995.
DOI : 10.1139/o95-048

G. Schmid-schönbein, K. Sung, H. Tözeren, R. Skalak, and S. Chien, Passive mechanical properties of human leukocytes Mutual adhesion of lecithin membranes at ultralow tensions The fluid mosaic model of membrane structure: some applications to ligand-receptor and cellcell interactions, Biophys J Servuss RM, Helfrich W J Phys France, vol.36, issue.50, pp.243-256, 1976.

T. Springer, Adhesion receptors of the immune system, Nature, vol.346, issue.6283, pp.425-434, 1990.
DOI : 10.1038/346425a0

L. Stryer and R. Haugland, Energy transfer: a spectroscopic ruler., Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol.58, issue.2, pp.719-726, 1967.
DOI : 10.1073/pnas.58.2.719

A. Tözeren, K. Sung, S. Chien, G. Truskey, J. Burmeister et al., Theoretical and experimental studies on cross-bridge migration during cell disaggregation, Total internal fluorescence microscopy (TIRFM), pp.479-487, 1989.
DOI : 10.1016/S0006-3495(89)82841-3

I. Vasioukhin, V. Bauer, C. Yin, M. Fuchs, and E. , Topographical mapping of relative cell/substratum separation distances Directed actin polymerization is the driving force for epithelial cell-cell adhesion Interference reflection microscopy in cell biology: methodology and applications, J Cell Sci Cell J Cell Sci, vol.103, issue.75, pp.491-499, 1985.

S. Vince and D. Gingell, Cationic modulation of the interaction of Dictyostelium discoideum amoebae with glass. Evidence from quantitative interference reflection microscopy, Experimental Cell Research, vol.126, issue.2, pp.462-465, 1980.
DOI : 10.1016/0014-4827(80)90288-8

J. Watson, T. Harding, V. Golubovskaya, J. Morris, D. Hunter et al., Inhibition of the Calcium-dependent Tyrosine Kinase (CADTK) Blocks Monocyte Spreading and Motility, Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol.276, issue.5, pp.3536-3542, 2001.
DOI : 10.1074/jbc.M006916200

T. Williams, S. Nagarajan, P. Selvaraj, and C. Zhu, Quantifying the Impact of Membrane Microtopology on Effective Two-dimensional Affinity, Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol.276, issue.16, pp.13283-13288, 2001.
DOI : 10.1074/jbc.M010427200

J. Wong, T. Kuhl, J. Israelachvili, N. Mullah, and S. Zalipsly, Direct Measurement of a Tethered Ligand-Receptor Interaction Potential, Science, vol.275, issue.5301, pp.820-822, 1997.
DOI : 10.1126/science.275.5301.820

C. Wülfing, M. Sjaastad, D. Mm-yoshimura, M. Nishikawa, A. Nishiura et al., Visualizing the dynamics of T cell activation: Intracellular adhesion molecule 1 migrates rapidly to the T cell/B cell interface and acts to sustain calcium levels, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol.95, issue.11, pp.6302-6307, 1995.
DOI : 10.1073/pnas.95.11.6302

A. Yu, M. Krol, S. Levin, and A. Smilgavichus, Local mechanical oscillations of the cell surface within the range of 0.2-30 Hz, Eur Biophys J, vol.19, pp.93-99, 1990.

D. Yu, C. Qu, O. Henegarin, X. Lu, and G. Feng, Protein-tyrosine Phosphatase Shp-2 Regulates Cell Spreading, Migration, and Focal Adhesion, Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol.273, issue.33, pp.21125-21131, 1998.
DOI : 10.1074/jbc.273.33.21125

C. Zhong, M. Kinch, and K. Burridge, Rho-stimulated Contractility Contributes to the Fibroblastic Phenotype of Ras-transformed Epithelial Cells, Molecular Biology of the Cell, vol.8, issue.11, pp.2329-2344, 1997.
DOI : 10.1091/mbc.8.11.2329

X. Zhu and R. Assoian, Integrin-dependent activation of MAP kinase: a link to shape-dependent cell proliferation., Molecular Biology of the Cell, vol.6, issue.3, pp.273-282, 1995.
DOI : 10.1091/mbc.6.3.273