G. Firestein, Evolving concepts of rheumatoid arthritis, Nature, vol.241, issue.6937, pp.356-361, 2003.
DOI : 10.1093/rheumatology/39.10.1060

C. Turesson, O. Fallon, W. Crowson, C. Gabriel, S. Matteson et al., Occurrence of extraarticular disease manifestations is associated with excess mortality in a community based cohort of patients with rheumatoid arthritis, J Rheumatol, vol.29, pp.62-67, 2002.

J. Aviñ-a-zubieta, H. Choi, M. Sadatsafavi, M. Etminan, and J. Esdaile, Risk of cardiovascular mortality in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: A meta-analysis of observational studies, Arthritis & Rheumatism, vol.50, issue.12, pp.1690-1697, 2008.
DOI : 10.1002/art.24092

H. Fewins, I. Mcgowan, G. Whitehouse, J. Williams, and R. Mallya, HIGH DEFINITION COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY IN RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS ASSOCIATED PULMONARY DISEASE, Rheumatology, vol.30, issue.3, pp.214-216, 1991.
DOI : 10.1093/rheumatology/30.3.214

J. Mcdonagh, M. Greaves, A. Wright, C. Heycock, and J. Owen, HIGH RESOLUTION COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY OF THE LUNGS IN PATIENTS WITH RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS AND INTERSTITIAL LUNG DISEASE, Rheumatology, vol.33, issue.2, pp.118-122, 1994.
DOI : 10.1093/rheumatology/33.2.118

W. Hassan, N. Keaney, C. Holland, and C. Kelly, High resolution computed tomography of the lung in lifelong non-smoking patients with rheumatoid arthritis., Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, vol.54, issue.4, pp.308-310, 1995.
DOI : 10.1136/ard.54.4.308

A. Vergnenègre, N. Pugnere, M. Antonini, M. Arnaud, and B. Melloni, Airway obstruction and rheumatoid arthritis, European Respiratory Journal, vol.10, issue.5, pp.1072-1078, 1997.
DOI : 10.1183/09031936.97.10051072

T. Perez, M. Remy-jardin, and B. Cortet, Airways Involvement in Rheumatoid Arthritis, American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, vol.157, issue.5, pp.1658-1665, 1998.
DOI : 10.1164/ajrccm.157.5.9710018

S. Zrour, M. Touzi, I. Bejia, M. Golli, and N. Rouatbi, Correlations between high-resolution computed tomography of the chest and clinical function in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, Joint Bone Spine, vol.72, issue.1, pp.41-47, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jbspin.2004.02.001

T. Solanki and E. Neville, BRONCHIECTASIS AND RHEUMATOID DISEASE: IS THERE AN ASSOCIATION?, Rheumatology, vol.31, issue.10, pp.691-693, 1992.
DOI : 10.1093/rheumatology/31.10.691

M. Pasteur, S. Helliwell, S. Houghton, S. Webb, and J. Foweraker, An Investigation into Causative Factors in Patients with Bronchiectasis, American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, vol.162, issue.4, 2000.
DOI : 10.1164/ajrccm.162.4.9906120

J. Mathieu, B. Stack, W. Dick, and W. Buchanan, Pulmonary infection and rheumatoid arthritis, British Journal of Diseases of the Chest, vol.72, pp.57-61, 1978.
DOI : 10.1016/0007-0971(78)90007-4

M. Mcmahon, D. Swinson, S. Shettar, R. Wolstenholme, and C. Chattopadhyay, Bronchiectasis and rheumatoid arthritis: a clinical study., Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, vol.52, issue.11, pp.776-779, 1993.
DOI : 10.1136/ard.52.11.776

D. Swinson, D. Symmons, U. Suresh, M. Jones, and J. Booth, Decreased survival in patients with co-existent rheumatoid arthritis and bronchiectasis, Rheumatology, vol.36, issue.6, pp.689-691, 1997.
DOI : 10.1093/rheumatology/36.6.689

X. Puéchal, Bronchiectasis in rheumatoid arthritis, Rev Rhum Engl Ed, vol.65, pp.447-450, 1998.

X. Puéchal, I. Fajac, T. Bienvenu, N. Desmazes-dufeu, and D. Hubert, Increased frequency of cystic fibrosis ??F508 mutation in bronchiectasis associated with rheumatoid arthritis, European Respiratory Journal, vol.13, issue.6, pp.1281-1287, 1999.
DOI : 10.1183/09031936.99.13612889

N. Shadick, C. Fanta, M. Weinblatt, O. Donnell, W. Coblyn et al., Bronchiectasis, Medicine, vol.73, issue.3, pp.161-170, 1994.
DOI : 10.1097/00005792-199405000-00005

M. Demoruelle, M. Weisman, P. Simonian, D. Lynch, and P. Sachs, Brief Report: Airways abnormalities and rheumatoid arthritis-related autoantibodies in subjects without arthritis: Early injury or initiating site of autoimmunity?, Arthritis & Rheumatism, vol.251, issue.6, pp.1756-1761, 2012.
DOI : 10.1002/art.34344

G. Reynisdottir, R. Karimi, J. V. Olsen, H. Hensvold, and A. , Structural Changes and Antibody Enrichment in the Lungs Are Early Features of Anti-Citrullinated Protein Antibody-Positive Rheumatoid Arthritis, Arthritis & Rheumatology, vol.106, issue.Suppl, pp.31-39, 2014.
DOI : 10.1002/art.38201

M. Knowles and P. Durie, What Is Cystic Fibrosis?, New England Journal of Medicine, vol.347, issue.6, pp.439-442, 2002.
DOI : 10.1056/NEJMe020070

E. Mckone, S. Emerson, K. Edwards, and M. Aitken, Effect of genotype on phenotype and mortality in cystic fibrosis: a retrospective cohort study, The Lancet, vol.361, issue.9370, pp.1671-1676, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0140-6736(03)13368-5

C. Bombieri, M. Claustres, D. Boeck, K. Derichs, N. Dodge et al., Recommendations for the classification of diseases as CFTR-related disorders, Journal of Cystic Fibrosis, vol.10, issue.2, pp.86-102, 2011.
DOI : 10.1016/S1569-1993(11)60014-3

X. Puéchal, T. Bienvenu, E. Génin, J. Berthelot, and J. Sibilia, Mutations of the cystic fibrosis gene in patients with bronchiectasis associated with rheumatoid arthritis, Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, vol.70, issue.4, pp.653-659, 2011.
DOI : 10.1136/ard.2010.142760

T. Therneau, A package for survival analysis in S. R package version 2 Available: http://CRAN.R-project.org/package=survival, pp.37-41, 2013.

T. Therneau, Coxme: Mixed Effects Cox Models. R package version 2.2? 3 Available: http://CRAN.R-project.org/package=coxme, 2012.

R. Team, R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, 2012.

L. Jacobsson, C. Turesson, J. Nilsson, I. Petersson, and E. Lindqvist, Treatment with TNF blockers and mortality risk in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, vol.66, issue.5, pp.670-675, 2007.
DOI : 10.1136/ard.2006.062497

Y. Koh, M. Lee, Y. Sun, K. Sung, and J. Chae, Effect of roxithromycin on airway responsiveness in children with bronchiectasis: a double-blind, placebo-controlled study, European Respiratory Journal, vol.10, issue.5, pp.994-999, 1997.
DOI : 10.1183/09031936.97.10050994

K. Tsang, P. Ho, K. Chan, M. Ip, and W. Lam, A pilot study of low-dose erythromycin in bronchiectasis, European Respiratory Journal, vol.13, issue.2, pp.361-364, 1999.
DOI : 10.1183/09031936.99.13236199

C. Wong, L. Jayaram, N. Karalus, T. Eaton, and C. Tong, Azithromycin for prevention of exacerbations in non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis (EMBRACE): a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, The Lancet, vol.380, issue.9842, pp.660-667, 2012.
DOI : 10.1016/S0140-6736(12)60953-2

J. Altenburg, C. De-graaff, Y. Stienstra, J. Sloos, and E. Van-haren, Effect of Azithromycin Maintenance Treatment on Infectious Exacerbations Among Patients With Non???Cystic Fibrosis Bronchiectasis, JAMA, vol.309, issue.12, pp.1251-1259, 2013.
DOI : 10.1001/jama.2013.1937

D. Serisier, M. Martin, and M. Mcguckin, Effect of Long-term, Low-Dose Erythromycin on Pulmonary Exacerbations Among Patients With Non???Cystic Fibrosis Bronchiectasis, JAMA, vol.309, issue.12, pp.1260-1267, 2013.
DOI : 10.1001/jama.2013.2290

J. Elborn and M. Tunney, Macrolides and Bronchiectasis, JAMA, vol.309, issue.12, pp.1295-1296, 2013.
DOI : 10.1001/jama.2013.2780

M. Ogrendik and N. Karagoz, Treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis with Roxithromycin: A Randomized Trial, Postgraduate Medicine, vol.23, issue.5, pp.220-227, 2011.
DOI : 10.1056/NEJM199707173370301

M. Ogrendik, Effects of clarithromycin in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis, Current Medical Research and Opinion, vol.23, issue.3, pp.515-522, 2007.
DOI : 10.1185/030079906X167642

R. Wilson and A. Wells, Azithromycin in bronchiectasis: when should it be used?, The Lancet, vol.380, issue.9842, pp.627-629, 2012.
DOI : 10.1016/S0140-6736(12)61261-6

C. Foster, S. Forstot, and L. Wilson, Mortality Rate in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients Developing Necrotizing Scleritis or Peripheral Ulcerative Keratitis, Ophthalmology, vol.91, issue.10, pp.1253-1263, 1984.
DOI : 10.1016/S0161-6420(84)34160-4

C. Erhardt, P. Mumford, P. Venables, and R. Maini, Factors predicting a poor life prognosis in rheumatoid arthritis: an eight year prospective study., Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, vol.48, issue.1, pp.7-13, 1989.
DOI : 10.1136/ard.48.1.7

C. Turesson, L. Jacobsson, and U. Bergström, Extra-articular rheumatoid arthritis: prevalence and mortality, Rheumatology, vol.38, issue.7, pp.668-674, 1999.
DOI : 10.1093/rheumatology/38.7.668

URL : http://rheumatology.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/short/38/7/668

S. Gabriel, C. Crowson, H. Kremers, M. Doran, and C. Turesson, Survival in rheumatoid arthritis: A population-based analysis of trends over 40 years, Arthritis & Rheumatism, vol.48, issue.1, pp.54-58, 2003.
DOI : 10.1002/art.10705

C. Turesson, R. Mcclelland, T. Christianson, and E. Matteson, Severe extra-articular disease manifestations are associated with an increased risk of first ever cardiovascular events in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, vol.66, issue.1, pp.70-75, 2007.
DOI : 10.1136/ard.2006.052506