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Maternal near-miss and mortality in Sayaboury Province, Lao PDR.

Abstract : BACKGROUND: Maternal near-miss (MNM) incidence is the indicator reflecting maternal healthcare services. This study aimed to determine the burden of maternal near-miss and maternal deaths in Sayaboury Province, Lao PDR. METHODS: A descriptive study was done in a cohort of 1215 pregnant women, who had their last normal menstrual period (LMP) between 1 August and 31 December, 2010. WHO criteria for MNM were used to identify near-miss cases and maternal deaths during February - November 2011. Data of maternal characteristics, MNM, and maternal deaths were prospectively collected by primary health care workers in the villages under supervision of health staff in local health centers and by the head nurses of the gynecology - obstetric wards in the studied hospitals. Frequencies with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to describe maternal near-misses and maternal deaths. RESULTS: Overall, 92.5% of the 1215 pregnancies were delivered, 7.5% were aborted. Eleven women were identified as near-miss cases, giving a maternal near miss (MNM) ratio of 9.8 (95% CI: 4.9 -17.5)/1,000 live births. With two maternal deaths, the maternal mortality ratio (MMR) was 178 (95% CI: 50-650)/100,000 live births. Together, these constituted 13 cases of severe maternal outcome (SMO) and given the SMO ratio of 11.6 (95% CI: 6.2 - 19.8)/1,000 live births. CONCLUSION: The study shows a surprisingly low MNM ratio and MMR in Sayaboury Province, Lao PDR. Generalization of the results is limited by problems in applying standard criteria for the identification of near-misses in the communities and local hospitals. However, the findings are considered to have important implications for the improvement of maternal health services in low resource settings, e.g. to obtain valid and reliable maternal near miss and maternal deaths for the whole country.
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Phadouangdeth Luexay, Laopaiboon Malinee, Lumbiganon Pisake, Bouvier-Colle Marie-Hélène. Maternal near-miss and mortality in Sayaboury Province, Lao PDR.. BMC Public Health, BioMed Central, 2014, 14, pp.945. ⟨10.1186/1471-2458-14-945⟩. ⟨inserm-01073880⟩

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