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Key role of PI3Kγ in monocyte chemotactic protein-1-mediated amplification of PDGF-induced aortic smooth muscle cell migration.

Abstract : BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Vascular smooth muscle cell (SMC) migration within the arterial wall is a crucial event in atherogenesis and restenosis. Monocyte chemotactic protein-1/CC-chemokine receptor 2 (MCP-1/CCR2) signalling is involved in SMC migration processes but the molecular mechanisms have not been well characterized. We investigated the role of PI3Kγ in SMC migration induced by MCP-1. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACHES: A pharmacological PI3Kγ inhibitor, adenovirus encoding inactive forms of PI3Kγ and genetic deletion of PI3Kγ were used to investigate PI3Kγ functions in the MCP-1 and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) signalling pathway and migration process in primary aortic SMC. KEY RESULTS: The γ isoform of PI3K was shown to be the major signalling molecule mediating PKB phosphorylation in MCP-1-stimulated SMC. Using a PI3Kγ inhibitor and an adenovirus encoding a dominant negative form of PI3Kγ, we demonstrated that PI3Kγ is essential for SMC migration triggered by MCP-1. PDGF receptor stimulation induced MCP-1 mRNA and protein accumulation in SMCs. Blockade of the MCP-1/CCR2 pathway or pharmacological inhibition of PI3Kγ reduced PDGF-stimulated aortic SMC migration by 50%. Thus PDGF promotes an autocrine loop involving MCP-1/CCR2 signalling which is required for PDGF-mediated SMC migration. Furthermore, SMCs isolated from PI3Kγ-deficient mice (PI3Kγ(-/-)), or mice expressing an inactive PI3Kγ (PI3Kγ(KD/KD)), migrated less than control cells in response to MCP-1 and PDGF. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: PI3Kγ is essential for MCP-1-stimulated aortic SMC migration and amplifies cell migration induced by PDGF by an autocrine/paracrine loop involving MCP-1 secretion and CCR2 activation. PI3Kγ is a promising target for the treatment of aortic fibroproliferative pathologies.
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Contributor : Marie Francoise Simon Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, August 8, 2014 - 5:10:30 PM
Last modification on : Monday, July 4, 2022 - 9:04:55 AM

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Anne Fougerat, Natalia F. Smirnova, Stéphanie Gayral, Nicole Malet, Emilio Hirsch, et al.. Key role of PI3Kγ in monocyte chemotactic protein-1-mediated amplification of PDGF-induced aortic smooth muscle cell migration.. British Journal of Pharmacology, Wiley, 2012, 166 (5), pp.1643-53. ⟨10.1111/j.1476-5381.2012.01866.x⟩. ⟨inserm-01054873⟩



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