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Transcatheter aortic valve implantation reduces sympathetic activity and normalizes arterial spontaneous baroreflex in patients with aortic stenosis.

Abstract : OBJECTIVES: This study sought to measure muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) in patients with aortic stenosis (AS) before and after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and to compare MSNA with that of control patients. BACKGROUND: TAVI is an emerging therapeutic option in patients with severe AS at high risk of open heart surgery. Whether patients with AS have increased sympathetic activity remains to be established, and the effects of TAVI on the sympathetic nervous system are also unknown. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 14 patients with severe symptomatic AS treated by TAVI. Fourteen control patients matched for age, body mass index, and unscathed of AS were also included. All patients underwent MSNA and arterial baroreflex gain assessment at baseline and 1 week after TAVI for AS patients. RESULTS: Patients with AS had lower blood pressure (BP) levels, a significant increase in MSNA (61.0 ± 1.7 burst/min vs. 55.4 ± 1.4 burst/min; p < 0.05), and a decrease in arterial baroreflex gain (2.13 ± 0.14% burst/mm Hg vs. 3.32 ± 0.19% burst/mm Hg; p < 0.01) compared with matched control patients. The TAVI procedures induced an increase in BP associated with a significant decrease in MSNA (from 61.0 ± 1.7 burst/min to 54.1 ± 1.0 burst/min; p < 0.01) and was associated with a significant increase in arterial baroreflex gain (from 2.13 ± 0.14% burst/mm Hg to 3.49 ± 0.33% burst/mm Hg; p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: We report for the first time, through direct measurement of nerve activity, that patients with AS have increased sympathetic nervous system activity associated with a decrease in sympathetic baroreflex gain and that TAVI normalizes these parameters. This study provides evidence of a new beneficial effect of TAVI, namely, normalization of sympathetic nervous system hyperactivity.
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Submitted on : Friday, June 27, 2014 - 2:05:23 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, July 7, 2020 - 2:06:08 PM

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Nicolas Dumonteil, Angelica Vaccaro, Fabien Despas, Marc Labrunee, Bertrand Marcheix, et al.. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation reduces sympathetic activity and normalizes arterial spontaneous baroreflex in patients with aortic stenosis.. JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions, Elsevier/American College of Cardiology, 2013, 6 (11), pp.1195-202. ⟨10.1016/j.jcin.2013.06.012⟩. ⟨inserm-01015900⟩

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