Fast and robust detection of the optimal number of fascicles in diffusion images using model averaging theory

Aymeric Stamm 1, * Benoit Scherrer 1 Olivier Commowick 2 Christian Barillot 2 Simon K. Warfield 1
* Corresponding author
2 VisAGeS - Vision, Action et Gestion d'informations en Santé
INSERM - Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale : U746, Inria Rennes – Bretagne Atlantique , IRISA-D5 - SIGNAUX ET IMAGES NUMÉRIQUES, ROBOTIQUE
Abstract : Diffusion MRI enables non-invasive in vivo reconstruction of the white matter axon bundles hereafter referred to as fascicles. DTI is known to have a hard time depicting accurately this architecture in regions where multiple fascicles cross. New multi-compartment models [1,2,3] can unravel this issue provided that the number of fascicles is known in advance. This is a model selection problem that translates to finding the optimal number of fascicles. Recently, [4] proposed to use the generalization error to choose the best model based on its ability to predict new data that has not been used for its estimation, thus avoiding the common problem of over-fitting. Despite the excellent results obtained by this method, the generalization error needs to be estimated, which is a long process that takes up to a week on high resolution data such as the recently publicly released Human Connectome Project (HCP) data [5]. In this abstract, we introduce a new model selection approach that gives results at least as good as the generalization error with a dramatically reduced computation time, making it closer to a clinical applicability.
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Aymeric Stamm, Benoit Scherrer, Olivier Commowick, Christian Barillot, Simon K. Warfield. Fast and robust detection of the optimal number of fascicles in diffusion images using model averaging theory. ISMRM, May 2014, Milan, Italy. pp.2629. ⟨inserm-00993965⟩

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