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Hypothermic liquid ventilation prevents early hemodynamic dysfunction and cardiovascular mortality after coronary artery occlusion complicated by cardiac arrest in rabbits.

Abstract : OBJECTIVES: Ultrafast and whole-body cooling can be induced by total liquid ventilation with temperature-controlled perfluorocarbons. Our goal was to determine whether this can afford maximal cardio- and neuroprotections through cooling rapidity when coronary occlusion is complicated by cardiac arrest. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized animal study. SETTING: Academic research laboratory. SUBJECTS: Male New Zealand rabbits. INTERVENTIONS: Chronically instrumented rabbits were submitted to coronary artery occlusion and ventricular fibrillation. After 8 minutes of cardiac arrest, animals were resuscitated and submitted to a normothermic follow-up (control group) or to 3 hours of mild hypothermia induced by total liquid ventilation (total liquid ventilation group) or by combination of cold saline infusion and cold blankets application (saline group). Coronary reperfusion was permitted 40 minutes after the onset of occlusion. After awakening, rabbits were followed up during 7 days. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Ten animals were resuscitated in each group. In the control group, all animals secondarily died of cardiac/respiratory failure (8 of 10) or neurological dysfunction (2 of 10). In the saline group, the target temperature of 32°C was achieved within 30-45 minutes after cooling initiation. This slightly reduced infarct size versus control (41% ± 16% vs 54% ± 8% of risk zone, respectively; p < 0.05) but failed to significantly improve cardiac output, neurological recovery, and survival rate (three survivors, six death from cardiac/respiratory failure, and one from neurological dysfunction). Conversely, the 32°C temperature was achieved within 5-10 minutes in the total liquid ventilation group. This led to a dramatic reduction in infarct size (13% ± 4%; p < 0.05 vs other groups) and improvements in cardiac output, neurological recovery, and survival (eight survivors, two deaths from cardiac/respiratory failure). CONCLUSIONS: Achieving hypothermia rapidly is critical to improve the cardiovascular outcome after cardiac arrest with underlying myocardial infarction.
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Lys Darbera, Mourad Chenoune, Fanny Lidouren, Matthias Kohlhauer, Clovis Adam, et al.. Hypothermic liquid ventilation prevents early hemodynamic dysfunction and cardiovascular mortality after coronary artery occlusion complicated by cardiac arrest in rabbits.. Critical Care Medicine, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2013, 41 (12), pp.e457-65. ⟨10.1097/CCM.0b013e3182a63b5d⟩. ⟨inserm-00957338⟩

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