Time-resolved Spin-labeled MR Angiography for the Depiction of Cerebral Arteriovenous Malformations: A Comparison of Techniques

Hélène Raoult 1, 2 Elise Bannier 1 Benjamin Robert 3 Christian Barillot 1 Peter Schmitt 3, 4 Jean-Yves Gauvrit 1, 2
1 VisAGeS - Vision, Action et Gestion d'informations en Santé
INSERM - Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale : U746, Inria Rennes – Bretagne Atlantique , IRISA-D5 - SIGNAUX ET IMAGES NUMÉRIQUES, ROBOTIQUE
Abstract : : Purpose To assess time-resolved spin-labeled (SL) magnetic resonance (MR) angiographic imaging with a large acquisition time window over two cardiac cycles for characterization of cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). Materials and Methods This study was institutional review board-approved. Sixteen patients presented with an AVM, provided informed consent, and were prospectively included. Time-resolved SL MR angiographic images with acquisition window that covered two cardiac cycles (acquisition time, 10-12 min; temporal resolution, 60 msec) or one cardiac cycle and time-of-flight (TOF) MR angiographic images were acquired with a 3-T MR imager. A diagnostic confidence index was used for image quality evaluation; scores were 0, no diagnosis, to 3, high image quality. AVM characterization consisted of arterial feeder, nidus size, and venous drainage type identification compared with those at digital subtraction angiography (DSA). κ coefficients were computed to determine interobserver and intermodality agreement. Results Time-resolved SL MR angiographic imaging over two cardiac cycles provided a median diagnostic confidence index of 2.5 for arterial feeders, 3.0 for nidus, and 3.0 for venous drainage. Venous drainage depiction quality was higher with time-resolved SL MR angiography over two cardiac cycles than with time-resolved SL MR angiography over one cardiac cycle (P < .001) and TOF MR angiography (P < .001). For AVM characterization, interobserver agreement was very good to excellent, and agreement with DSA showed κ of 0.85 for arterial feeders, κ of 1.00 for nidus size, and κ of 0.82 for venous drainage. Conclusion Time-resolved SL MR angiographic imaging over two cardiac cycles is a reliable clinical tool for cerebral AVM characterization, which showed very good to excellent agreement with DSA. ©RSNA, 2013.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 11, 2014 - 7:10:18 PM
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Hélène Raoult, Elise Bannier, Benjamin Robert, Christian Barillot, Peter Schmitt, et al.. Time-resolved Spin-labeled MR Angiography for the Depiction of Cerebral Arteriovenous Malformations: A Comparison of Techniques. Radiology, Radiological Society of North America, 2013, pp.131252. ⟨10.1148/radiol.13131252⟩. ⟨inserm-00945211⟩

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