Sirolimus and everolimus intestinal absorption and interaction with calcineurin inhibitors: a differential effect between cyclosporine and tacrolimus. - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology Year : 2012

Sirolimus and everolimus intestinal absorption and interaction with calcineurin inhibitors: a differential effect between cyclosporine and tacrolimus.

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Abstract

The mTOR inhibitors (ImTORs) sirolimus (SRL) and everolimus (EVR) have been increasingly used in renal transplantation as part of calcineurin inhibitor (CNI) sparing or avoidance regimens. Those drugs have low and variable oral bioavailability that is increased when combined with cyclosporine or tacrolimus (TAC). We investigated the mechanisms involved in ImTORs intestinal absorption in vitro and associated it with their drug-drug interactions with CNIs. The transport of ImTORs across Caco-2 cells was studied in the apical (A) to basolateral (B) and B to A directions, in the absence or presence of cyclosporine, TAC, and GF120918 (P-gp inhibitor). In Caco-2 cells, EVR and SRL displayed a polarized transport with 8.7- and 5.9-fold higher P(app,B→A) than P(app,A→B), respectively. P-gp inhibition by GF120918 resulted in a 70 and 41% decrease in EVR and SRL efflux, respectively. Cyclosporine and TAC led to a comparable and significant decrease in the efflux ratio of ImTORs, suggesting inhibition of a P-gp-mediated efflux transport. Cyclosporine also exhibited a specific increase of P(app,B→A), which may be attributed to the inhibition of other transporters and/or metabolizing enzymes. In conclusion, EVR and SRL are both subject to an apically directed efflux mediated by P-gp. TAC mainly inhibits this efflux mechanism, while the effect of cyclosporine appears to be more complex with mechanisms to be confirmed by further studies.

Dates and versions

inserm-00925558 , version 1 (08-01-2014)

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Fabien Lamoureux, Nicolas Picard, Belkacem Boussera, François-Ludovic Sauvage, Pierre Marquet. Sirolimus and everolimus intestinal absorption and interaction with calcineurin inhibitors: a differential effect between cyclosporine and tacrolimus.. Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology, 2012, 26 (4), pp.463-72. ⟨10.1111/j.1472-8206.2011.00957.x⟩. ⟨inserm-00925558⟩
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