Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Analysis of swimming performance in FINA World Cup long-distance open water races.

Abstract : BACKGROUND: Age and peak performance in ultra-endurance athletes have been mainly investigated in long-distance runners and triathletes, but not for long-distance swimmers. The present study investigated the age and swimming performance of elite ultra-distance swimmers competing in the 5-, 10- and 25-km Fédération Internationale de Natation (FINA) World Cup swimming events. METHODS: The associations of age and swimming speed in elite male and female swimmers competing in World Cup events of 5-, 10- and 25-km events from 2000 to 2012 were analysed using single and multi-level regression analyses. RESULTS: During the studied period, the swimming speed of the annual top ten women decreased significantly from 4.94 ± 0.20 to 4.77 ± 0.09 km/h in 5 km and from 4.60 ± 0.04 to 4.44 ± 0.08 km/h in 25 km, while it significantly increased from 4.57 ± 0.01 to 5.75 ± 0.01 km/h in 10 km. For the annual top ten men, peak swimming speed decreased significantly from 5.42 ± 0.04 to 5.39 ± 0.02 km/h in 5 km, while it remained unchanged at 5.03 ± 0.32 km/h in 10 km and at 4.94 ± 0.35 km/h in 25 km. The age of peak swimming speed for the annual top ten women remained stable at 22.5 ± 1.2 years in 5 km, at 23.4 ± 0.9 years in 10 km and at 23.8 ± 0.9 years in 25 km. For the annual top ten men, the age of peak swimming speed increased from 23.7 ± 2.8 to 28.0 ± 5.1 years in 10 km but remained stable at 24.8 ± 1.0 years in 5 km and at 27.2 ± 1.1 years in 25 km. CONCLUSION: Female long-distance swimmers competing in FINA World Cup races between 2000 and 2012 improved in 10 km but impaired in 5 and 25 km, whereas men only impaired in 5 km. The age of peak performance was younger in women (approximately 23 years) compared to men (about 25-27 years).
Complete list of metadata

Cited literature [48 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00923318
Contributor : Ed. BMC Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, January 2, 2014 - 1:07:44 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, January 5, 2022 - 3:02:03 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Saturday, April 8, 2017 - 9:57:43 AM

Files

2046-7648-3-2.pdf
Publisher files allowed on an open archive

Identifiers

Collections

Citation

Matthias Alexander Zingg, Christoph Alexander Rüst, Thomas Rosemann, Romuald Lepers, Beat Knechtle. Analysis of swimming performance in FINA World Cup long-distance open water races.. Extreme Physiology & Medicine, 2014, 3 (1), pp.2. ⟨10.1186/2046-7648-3-2⟩. ⟨inserm-00923318⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

296

Files downloads

227