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Identification of invariant natural killer T cells in porcine peripheral blood.

Abstract : The pig is a relevant preclinical model for numerous pathologies used to validate therapeutic strategies for translation to human. Although invariant natural killer T (iNKT) lymphocytes are a component of innate immunity implicated in many pathological processes, little is known on their characterization in swine. By addressing this issue using mouse α-galactosylceramide-loaded CD1d tetramers (α-GC-CD1dTT), which are commonly used to track iNKT cells, we were able to unequivocally identify CD3(+)α-GC-CD1dTT(+) cells in porcine peripheral blood, hereafter referred to as swine iNKT cells. These lymphocytes are enriched in CD4(-)CD8(+) and CD4(-)CD8(-) cells, harbor an activated-memory phenotype (SLA-DR(+)CD45RA(-)), express the intracellular promyelocytic-leukemia-zinc-finger (PLZF) transcription factor and are significantly enriched in IFN-γ-producing cells after in vitro activation in comparison with conventional T cells. Importantly, in presence of IL-2 and IL-15, the iNKT cell ligand α-GC induces selective expansion of CD3(+)α-GC-CD1dTT(+) cells, confirming the reactivity of swine iNKT cells against α-GC. When associated with α-GC, IL-33, an alarmin of IL-1 family recently described to target iNKT cells, leads to a greater expansion of CD3(+)α-GC-CD1dTT(+) cells than IL-2 and IL-15. Altogether, our results provide the first phenotypic and functional description of swine iNKT cells allowing to further study the critical role of iNKT cells in porcine models of organ injury.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, October 9, 2013 - 11:54:02 AM
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Antoine Thierry, Aurélie Robin, Sébastien Giraud, S. Minouflet, Anne Barra, et al.. Identification of invariant natural killer T cells in porcine peripheral blood.. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, Elsevier, 2012, 149 (3-4), pp.272-9. ⟨10.1016/j.vetimm.2012.06.023⟩. ⟨inserm-00871261⟩



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