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Probable medications overuse headaches: validation of a brief easy-to-use screening tool in a headache centre.

Abstract : BACKGROUND: To validate a rapid questionnaire as a screening tool, because application of the diagnostic revised criteria of the ICHD-II for medication overuse headache (MOH) requires experience for the physician and is time-consuming. METHODS: ICHD-II criteria for probable MOH (pMOH) were transformed in questions formulated in such a way that they could be self-administered, easily understood, and quickly filled out. We compared this questionnaire to the gold standard: the diagnosis made by headache specialists, based on the the ICHD-II criteria. Patients who were consulting for pMOH or migraine for the first time were consecutively included. As validity indicators, we calculated sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values of the items. RESULTS: Seventy-nine patients were screened, 77 included, 2 female patients excluded. Forty-two patients have been considered as suffering from pMOH, 35 patients suffered from migraine without medication overuse. The association of the question "do you take a treatment for attacks more than 10 days per month" and the question "is this intake on a regular basis?" had a sensitivity of 95.2% and a specificity of 80%. CONCLUSION: This screening tool can detect pMOH with a sensitivity that could be of interest to screen patients in clinical practice and to pre-include patients for research as epidemiological studies.
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Submitted on : Monday, October 7, 2013 - 5:07:05 PM
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Virginie Dousset, Martial Maud, Mélanie Legoff, Françoise Radat, Bruno Brochet, et al.. Probable medications overuse headaches: validation of a brief easy-to-use screening tool in a headache centre.. Journal of Headache and Pain, SpringerOpen, 2013, 14 (1), pp.81. ⟨10.1186/1129-2377-14-81⟩. ⟨inserm-00870624⟩



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