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Premedication for neonatal endotracheal intubation: results from the epidemiology of procedural pain in neonates study.

Abstract : OBJECTIVES: To describe the frequency and nature of premedications used prior to neonatal endotracheal intubation; to confront observed practice with current recommendations; and to identify risk factors for the absence of premedication. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS: Data concerning intubations were collected prospectively at the bedside as part of an observational study collecting around-the-clock data on all painful or stressful procedures performed in neonates during the first 14 days of their admission to 13 tertiary care units in the region of Paris, France, between 2005 and 2006. INTERVENTION: Observational study. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Specific premedication prior to endotracheal intubation was assessed. Ninety one intubations carried out on the same number of patients were analyzed. The specific premedication rate was 56% and included mostly opioids (67%) and midazolam (53%). Compared with recent guidance from the American Academy of Pediatrics, used premedications could be classified as "preferred" (12%), "acceptable" (18%), "not recommended" (27%), and "not described" (43%). In univariate analysis, infants without a specific premedication compared with others were younger at the time of intubation (median age: 0.7 vs. 2.0 days), displayed significantly more frequent spontaneous breathing at the time of intubation (31% vs. 12%) and a higher percentage of analgesia for all other painful procedures (median values: 16% vs. 6%). In multivariate analysis, no factor remained statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: Premedication use prior to neonatal intubation was not systematically used and when used it was most frequently inconsistent with recent recommendations. No patient- or center-related independent risk factor for the absence of premedication was identified in this study.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 6, 2014 - 11:51:15 AM
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Xavier Durrmeyer, Patrick Daoud, Fabrice Decobert, Pascal Boileau, Sylvain Renolleau, et al.. Premedication for neonatal endotracheal intubation: results from the epidemiology of procedural pain in neonates study.. Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2013, 14 (4), pp.e169-75. ⟨10.1097/PCC.0b013e3182720616⟩. ⟨inserm-00869016⟩

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