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Adipocyte-Derived Fibroblasts promote tumor progression and contribute to desmoplastic reaction in breast cancer.

Abstract : Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) comprise the majority of stromal cells in breast cancers, yet their precise origins and relative functional contributions to malignant progression remain uncertain. Local invasion leads to the proximity cancer cells and adipocytes, which respond by phenotypical changes to generate fibroblast-like cells termed here adipocyte-derived fibroblasts (ADFs). These cells exhibit enhanced secretion of fibronectin and collagen I, increased migratory/invasive abilities and increased expression of the CAF marker FSP-1 but not αSMA. Generation of the ADF phenotype depends on reactivation of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway in response to Wnt3a secreted by tumor cells. Tumor cells co-cultivated with ADFs in 2D or spheroid culture display increased invasive capabilities. In clinical specimens of breast cancer, we confirmed the presence of this new stromal sub-population. By defining a new stromal cell population, our results offer new opportunities for stroma-targeted therapies in breast cancer.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00852355
Contributor : Marie Francoise Simon <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, August 20, 2013 - 4:43:21 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 16, 2020 - 10:14:14 AM

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Ludivine Bochet, Camille Lehuede, Stephanie Dauvillier, Yuan Yuan Wang, Beatrice Dirat, et al.. Adipocyte-Derived Fibroblasts promote tumor progression and contribute to desmoplastic reaction in breast cancer.. Cancer Research, American Association for Cancer Research, 2013, epub ahead of print. ⟨10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-13-0530⟩. ⟨inserm-00852355⟩

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