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Cardiorenal anemia syndrome in chronic heart failure contributes to increased sympathetic nerve activity.

Abstract : BACKGROUND: We sought to assess whether cardiorenal anemia syndrome (CRAS) in chronic heart failure (CHF) patients contributes to sympathetic overactivity through modulation of sympathetic reflexes. METHODS AND RESULTS: We prospectively studied 15 patients with CRAS and CHF and 15 control CHF patients, matched for age, gender distribution, type of cardiomyopathy, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and BMI. We compared muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) and the effect of peripheral chemoreflex deactivation on MSNA in both groups. We also compared sympathetic baroreflex function, assessed by the slope of the relationship between MSNA and diastolic blood pressure in both groups and while peripheral chemoreflexes were (by breathing 100% oxygen for 15min) or not deactivated. Baseline MSNA was significantly elevated in CHF patients with CRAS compared with control CHF patients (83.1±4.6 versus 64.9±2.9bursts/100 heart beats; P<0.05) and sympathetic baroreflex impaired (2.69±0.44 vs 5.25±0.60%bursts/mmHg; P<0.01). Chemoreflex deactivation with administration of 100% oxygen led to a significant decrease in muscle sympathetic nerve activity (77.8±4.7 versus 82.1±4.9bursts/100 heart beats; P<0.01) and to an increase in sympathetic baroreflex function (2.77±0.45 vs 5.63±0.73%bursts/mmHg; P<0.01) in patients with CRAS and CHF. In contrast, neither room air nor 100% oxygen changed MSNA, hemodynamic or sympathetic baroreflex function in control CHF patients. CONCLUSIONS: CRAS in CHF patients is associated with elevated sympathetic activity mediated by both tonic activation of peripheral chemoreflex and baroreflex impairment.
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Contributor : Marie Francoise Simon Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, August 20, 2013 - 11:45:06 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, June 1, 2022 - 4:38:57 AM




Nicolas Franchitto, Fabien Despas, Marc Labrunee, Angelica Vaccaro, Elisabeth Lambert, et al.. Cardiorenal anemia syndrome in chronic heart failure contributes to increased sympathetic nerve activity.. International Journal of Cardiology, Elsevier, 2013, epub ahead of print. ⟨10.1016/j.ijcard.2013.01.023⟩. ⟨inserm-00852216⟩



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