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Hemorheological risk factors of acute chest syndrome and painful vaso-occlusive crisis in children with sickle cell disease.: Blood rheology in sickle cell disease

Abstract : BACKGROUND: Little is known about the effects of blood rheology on the occurrence of acute chest syndrome and painful vaso-occlusive crises in children with sickle cell anemia and hemoglobin SC disease. DESIGN AND METHODS: To address this issue, steady-state hemorheological profiles (blood viscosity, red blood cell deformability, aggregation properties) and hematologic parameters were assessed in 44 children with sickle cell anemia and 49 children with hemoglobin SC disease (8-16 years old) followed since birth. Clinical charts were retrospectively reviewed to determine prior acute chest syndrome or vaso-occlusive episodes, and rates of these complications were calculated. RESULTS: Multivariate analysis revealed that: 1) a higher steady-state blood viscosity was associated with a higher rate of vaso-occlusive crises in children with sickle cell anemia, but not in children with hemoglobin SC disease; 2) a higher steady-state red blood cell disaggregation threshold was associated with previous history of acute chest syndrome in children with hemoglobin SC disease and boys with sickle cell anemia. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate for the first time that the red blood cell aggregation properties may play a role in the pathophysiology of acute chest syndrome in children with hemoglobin SC disease and boys with sickle cell anemia. In addition, whereas greater blood viscosity is associated with a higher rate of vaso-occlusive crises in children with sickle cell anemia, no association was found in children with hemoglobin SC disease, underscoring differences in the etiology of vaso-occlusive crises between sickle cell anemia and hemoglobin SC disease.
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Yann Lamarre, Marc Romana, Xavier Waltz, Marie-Laure Lalanne-Mistrih, Benoît Tressières, et al.. Hemorheological risk factors of acute chest syndrome and painful vaso-occlusive crisis in children with sickle cell disease.: Blood rheology in sickle cell disease. Haematologica, Ferrata Storti Foundation, 2012, 97 (11), pp.1641-7. ⟨10.3324/haematol.2012.066670⟩. ⟨inserm-00849038⟩

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