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Inorganic arsenic impairs differentiation and functions of human dendritic cells.

Mélinda Macoch 1 Claudie Morzadec 2 Olivier Fardel 2 Laurent Vernhet 2, * 
* Corresponding author
2 Contaminants Chimiques, immunité et Inflammation
Irset - Institut de recherche en santé, environnement et travail
Abstract : Experimental studies have demonstrated that the antileukemic trivalent inorganic arsenic prevents the development of severe pro-inflammatory diseases mediated by excessive Th1 and Th17 cell responses. Differentiation of Th1 and Th17 subsets is mainly regulated by interleukins (ILs) secreted from dendritic cells (DCs) and the ability of inorganic arsenic to impair interferon-γ and IL-17 secretion by interfering with the physiology of DCs is unknown. In the present study, we demonstrate that high concentrations of sodium arsenite (As(III), 1-2 μM) clinically achievable in plasma of arsenic-treated patients, block differentiation of human peripheral blood monocytes into immature DCs (iDCs) by inducing their necrosis. Differentiation of monocytes in the presence of non-cytotoxic concentrations of As(III) (0.1 to 0.5 μM) only slightly impacts endocytotic activity of iDCs or expression of co-stimulatory molecules in cells activated with lipopolysaccharide. However, this differentiation in the presence of As(III) strongly represses secretion of IL-12p70 and IL-23, two major regulators of Th1 and Th17 activities, from iDCs stimulated with different toll-like receptor (TLR) agonists in metalloid-free medium. Such As(III)-exposed DCs also exhibit reduced mRNA levels of IL12A and/or IL12B genes when activated with TLR agonists. Finally, differentiation of monocytes with non-cytotoxic concentrations of As(III) subsequently reduces the ability of activated DCs to stimulate the release of interferon-γ and IL-17 from Th cells. In conclusion, our results demonstrate that clinically relevant concentrations of inorganic arsenic markedly impair in vitro differentiation and functions of DCs, which may contribute to the putative beneficial effects of the metalloid towards inflammatory autoimmune diseases.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 16, 2013 - 11:05:16 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 30, 2022 - 2:34:58 PM



Mélinda Macoch, Claudie Morzadec, Olivier Fardel, Laurent Vernhet. Inorganic arsenic impairs differentiation and functions of human dendritic cells.. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, Elsevier, 2013, 266 (2), pp.204-13. ⟨10.1016/j.taap.2012.11.008⟩. ⟨inserm-00813758⟩



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