Job strain as a risk factor for leisure-time physical inactivity: an individual-participant meta-analysis of up to 170,000 men and women: the IPD-Work Consortium.

Eleonor Fransson 1, 2, 3, * Katriina Heikkilä 4 Solja Nyberg 4 Marie Zins 5 Hugo Westerlund 3, 6 Peter Westerholm 7 Ari Väänänen 4 Marianna Virtanen 4, 6 Jussi Vahtera 8, 4 Töres Theorell 3 Sakari Suominen 8, 9 Archana Singh-Manoux 5, 6 Johannes Siegrist 10 Séverine Sabia 6 Reiner Rugulies 11, 12 Jaana Pentti 4 Tuula Oksanen 4 Maria Nordin 13 Martin Nielsen 14 Michael Marmot 6 Linda Magnusson Hanson 3 Ida Madsen 12 Thorsten Lunau 15 Constanze Leineweber 3 Meena Kumari 6 Anne Kouvonen 16, 17 Aki Koskinen 4 Markku Koskenvuo 18 Anders Knutsson 19 France Kittel 20 Karl-Heinz Jöckel 15 Matti Joensuu 4 Irene Houtman 21 Wendela Hooftman 21 Marcel Goldberg 5 Goedele Geuskens 21 Jane Ferrie 4, 6, 22 Raimund Erbel 23 Nico Dragano 15 Dirk De Bacquer 24 Els Clays 24 Annalisa Casini 20 Hermann Burr 25 Marianne Borritz 14 Sébastien Bonenfant 5 Jakob Bjorner 12 Lars Alfredsson 1, 26 Mark Hamer 6 G David Batty 27, 6 Mika Kivimäki 4, 6
Abstract : Unfavorable work characteristics, such as low job control and too high or too low job demands, have been suggested to increase the likelihood of physical inactivity during leisure time, but this has not been verified in large-scale studies. The authors combined individual-level data from 14 European cohort studies (baseline years from 1985-1988 to 2006-2008) to examine the association between unfavorable work characteristics and leisure-time physical inactivity in a total of 170,162 employees (50% women; mean age, 43.5 years). Of these employees, 56,735 were reexamined after 2-9 years. In cross-sectional analyses, the odds for physical inactivity were 26% higher (odds ratio = 1.26, 95% confidence interval: 1.15, 1.38) for employees with high-strain jobs (low control/high demands) and 21% higher (odds ratio = 1.21, 95% confidence interval: 1.11, 1.31) for those with passive jobs (low control/low demands) compared with employees in low-strain jobs (high control/low demands). In prospective analyses restricted to physically active participants, the odds of becoming physically inactive during follow-up were 21% and 20% higher for those with high-strain (odds ratio = 1.21, 95% confidence interval: 1.11, 1.32) and passive (odds ratio = 1.20, 95% confidence interval: 1.11, 1.30) jobs at baseline. These data suggest that unfavorable work characteristics may have a spillover effect on leisure-time physical activity.
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American Journal of Epidemiology, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2012, 176 (12), pp.1078-89. 〈10.1093/aje/kws336〉
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Eleonor Fransson, Katriina Heikkilä, Solja Nyberg, Marie Zins, Hugo Westerlund, et al.. Job strain as a risk factor for leisure-time physical inactivity: an individual-participant meta-analysis of up to 170,000 men and women: the IPD-Work Consortium.. American Journal of Epidemiology, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2012, 176 (12), pp.1078-89. 〈10.1093/aje/kws336〉. 〈inserm-00806190〉

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