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The CARD8 p.C10X mutation associates with a low anti-glycans antibody response in patients with Crohn's disease.

Abstract : BACKGROUND: Crohn's disease (CD) is associated with elevated anti-glycans antibody response in 60% of CD patients, and 25% of healthy first-degree relatives (HFDRs), suggesting a genetic influence for this humoral response. In mice, anti-glucan antibody response depends on the NLRP3 inflammasome. Here, we explored the effect of mutated CARD8, a component of the inflammasome, on anti-glycans antibody response in human. METHODS: The association between p.C10X mutation (rs2043211) of the CARD8 gene and the levels of anti-glycans antibody response was examined in 39 CD families. The family-based QTDT association test was used to test for the genetic association between CARD8 p.C10X mutation and anti-glycan antibodies in the pedigrees. The difference in antibody responses determined by ELISA was tested in a subgroup of CD probands (one per family) and in a subgroup of HFDRs using the Wilcoxon Kruskal Wallis non-parametric test. RESULTS: The QTDT familial transmission tests showed that the p.C10X mutation of CARD8 was significantly associated with lower levels of antibody to mannans and glucans but not chitin (p=0.024, p=0.0028 and p=0.577, for ASCA, ALCA and ACCA, respectively). These associations were independent of NOD2 and NOD1 genetic backgrounds. The p.C10X mutation significantly associated or displayed a trend toward lower ASCA and ALCA levels (p=0.038 and p=0.08, respectively) only in the subgroup of CD probands. Such associations were not significant for ACCA levels in both subgroups of CD probands and of HFDRs. CONCLUSION: Our results show that ASCA and ALCA but not ACCA levels are under the influence of CARD8 genotype. Alteration of CARD8, a component of inflammasome, is associated with lower levels of antibodies directed to mannans and glucans at least in CD patients.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, March 26, 2013 - 5:07:25 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, November 3, 2020 - 3:54:06 PM

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Francis Vasseur, Boualem Sendid, Franck Broly, Corinne Gower-Rousseau, Aurore Sarazin, et al.. The CARD8 p.C10X mutation associates with a low anti-glycans antibody response in patients with Crohn's disease.. BMC Medical Genetics, BioMed Central, 2013, 14 (1), pp.35. ⟨10.1186/1471-2350-14-35⟩. ⟨inserm-00804977⟩

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