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Repairing chronic myocardial infarction with autologous mesenchymal stem cells engineered tissue in rat promotes angiogenesis and limits ventricular remodeling.

Abstract : ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Tissue engineering scaffold constitutes a new strategy of myocardial repair. Here, we studied the contribution of a patch using autologous mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) seeded on collagen-1 scaffold on the cardiac reconstruction in rat model of chronic myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS: Patches were cultured with controlled MSCs (growth, phenotype and potentiality). Twenty coronary ligated rats with tomoscingraphy (SPECT)-authenticated transmural chronic MI were referred into a control group (n = 10) and a treated group (n = 10) which beneficiated an epicardial MSC-patch engraftment. Contribution of MSC-patch was tested 1-mo after using non-invasive SPECT cardiac imaging, invasive hemodynamic assessment and immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: 3D-collagen environment affected the cell growth but not the cell phenotype and potentiality. MSC-patch integrates well the epicardial side of chronic MI scar. In treated rats, one-month SPECT data have documented an improvement of perfusion in MI segments compared to control (64 +/- 4% vs 49 +/- 3% p = 0.02) and a reduced infarction. Contractile parameter dp/dtmax and dp/dtmin were improved (p < 0.01). Histology showed an increase of ventricular wall thickness (1.75 +/- 0.24 vs 1.35 +/- 0.32 mm, p <0.05) and immunochemistry of the repaired tissue displayed enhanced angiogenesis and myofibroblast-like tissue. CONCLUSION: 3D-MSC-collagen epicardial patch engraftment contributes to reverse remodeling of chronic MI.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, January 9, 2013 - 9:08:31 PM
Last modification on : Friday, February 9, 2018 - 5:06:01 PM
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Pablo Maureira, Pierre-Yves Marie, Fengxu Yu, Sylvain Poussier, Yihua Liu, et al.. Repairing chronic myocardial infarction with autologous mesenchymal stem cells engineered tissue in rat promotes angiogenesis and limits ventricular remodeling.. Journal of Biomedical Science, BioMed Central, 2012, 19 (1), pp.93. ⟨10.1186/1423-0127-19-93⟩. ⟨inserm-00772079⟩

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