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Anatomo-clinical atlases correlate clinical data and electrode contact coordinates: application to subthalamic deep brain stimulation.

Abstract : For patients suffering from Parkinson's disease with severe movement disorders, functional surgery may be required when medical therapy is not effective. In Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS), electrodes are implanted within the brain to stimulate deep structures such as SubThalamic Nucleus (STN). The quality of patient surgical outcome is generally related to the accuracy of nucleus targeting during surgery. In this paper, we focused on identifying optimum sites for STN DBS by studying symptomatic motor improvement along with neuropsychological side effects. We described successive steps for constructing digital atlases gathering patient's location of electrode contacts automatically segmented from postoperative images, and clinical scores. Three motor and five neuropsychological scores were included in the study. Correlations with active contact locations were carried out using an adapted hierarchical ascendant classification. Such analysis enabled the extraction of representative clusters to determine the optimum site for therapeutic STN DBS. For each clinical score, we built an anatomo-clinical atlas representing its improvement or deterioration in relation with the anatomical location of electrodes and from a population of implanted patients. To the best of our knowledge, we reported for the first time a discrepancy between a very good motor improvement by targeting the postero-superior region of the STN and an inevitable deterioration of the categorical and phonemic fluency in the same region. Such atlases and associated analysis may help better understanding of functional mapping in deep structures and may help pre-operative decision-making process and especially targeting.
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Contributor : Florent Lalys Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, November 15, 2012 - 9:02:51 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, January 5, 2022 - 4:52:11 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Saturday, February 16, 2013 - 3:40:28 AM


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Florent Lalys, Claire Haegelen, Mehri Maroua, Sophie Drapier, Marc Verin, et al.. Anatomo-clinical atlases correlate clinical data and electrode contact coordinates: application to subthalamic deep brain stimulation.. Journal of Neuroscience Methods, Elsevier, 2013, 212 (2), pp.297-307. ⟨10.1016/j.jneumeth.2012.11.002⟩. ⟨inserm-00750921⟩



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