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Predictors of infant foster care in cases of maternal psychiatric disorders.

Abstract : PURPOSE: Our aim was to investigate the factors associated with mother-child separation at discharge, after joint hospitalization in psychiatric mother-baby units (MBUs) in France and Belgium. Because parents with postpartum psychiatric disorders are at risk of disturbed parent-infant interactions, their infants have an increased risk of an unstable early foundation. They may be particularly vulnerable to environmental stress and have a higher risk of developing some psychiatric disorders in adulthood. METHODS: This prospective longitudinal study of 1,018 women with postpartum psychiatric disorders, jointly admitted with their infant to 16 French and Belgian psychiatric mother-baby units (MBUs), used multifactorial logistic regression models to assess the risk factors for mother-child separation at discharge from MBUs. Those factors include some infant characteristics associated with personal vulnerability, parents' pathology and psychosocial context. RESULTS: Most children were discharged with their mothers, but 151 (15 %) were separated from their mothers at discharge. Risk factors independently associated with separation were: (1) neonatal or infant medical problems or complications; (2) maternal psychiatric disorder; (3) paternal psychiatric disorder; (4) maternal lack of good relationship with others; (5) mother receipt of disability benefits; (6) low social class. CONCLUSIONS: This study highlights the existence of factors other than maternal pathology that lead to decisions to separate mother and child for the child's protection in a population of mentally ill mothers jointly hospitalized with the baby in the postpartum period.
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Submitted on : Thursday, July 4, 2013 - 7:00:04 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 16, 2020 - 5:20:19 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Saturday, October 5, 2013 - 2:35:09 AM

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Nine Glangeaud-Freudenthal, Anne-Laure Sutter-Dallay, Anne-Claire Thieulin, Véronique Dagens, Marie-Agathe Zimmermann, et al.. Predictors of infant foster care in cases of maternal psychiatric disorders.. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, Springer Verlag, 2013, 48 (4), pp.553-61. ⟨10.1007/s00127-012-0527-4⟩. ⟨inserm-00714442⟩

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