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Effects of training at mild exercise intensities on quadriceps muscle energy metabolism in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Abstract : Aim: To study the effects of physical training at mild intensities on skeletal muscle energy metabolism in eight patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and eight paired healthy sedentary subjects. Methods: Energy metabolism of patients and controls vastus lateralis muscle was studied before and after 3 months of cycling training at mild exercises intensities. Results: The total amount of work accomplished was about 4059 ± 336 kJ in patients with COPD and 7531 ± 1693 kJ in control subjects. This work corresponds to a mechanical power set at 65.2 ± 7.5% of the maximum power for patients with COPD and 52 ± 3.3% of the maximum power in control group. Despite this low level of exercise intensities, we observed an improvement in mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation through the creatine kinase system revealed by the increased apparent K(m) for ADP (from 105.5 ± 16.1 to 176.9 ± 26.5 μm, P < 0.05 in the COPD group and from 126.9 ± 16.8 to 177.7 ± 17.0, P > 0.05 in the control group). Meanwhile, maximal mechanical and metabolic power increased significantly from 83.1 ± 7.1 to 91.3 ± 7.4 Watts (P < 0.05) and from 16 ± 0.8 to 18.7 ± 0.98 mL O(2) kg(-1) min(-1) (P < 0.05) only in the COPD group. Conclusion: This study shows that physical training at mild intensity is able to induce comparable changes in skeletal muscles oxidative energy metabolism in patients with COPD and sedentary healthy subjects, but different changes of maximal mechanical and metabolic power.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00696284
Contributor : Sarah Hamant <>
Submitted on : Friday, May 11, 2012 - 1:42:54 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, August 27, 2020 - 11:36:03 AM

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Rita Guzun, Bernard Aguilaniu, Bernard Wuyam, Paulette Mezin, Christelle Koechlin-Ramonatxo, et al.. Effects of training at mild exercise intensities on quadriceps muscle energy metabolism in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.. Acta Physiologica, Wiley, 2012, 205 (2), pp.236-246. ⟨10.1111/j.1748-1716.2011.02388.x⟩. ⟨inserm-00696284⟩

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