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High preoperative depression, phobic anxiety, and binge eating scores and low medium-term weight loss in sleeve gastrectomy obese patients: a preliminary cohort study.: Psychiatric factors and weight loss in obesity surgery

Abstract : OBJECTIVE: Although depression, anxiety, and binge eating are prevalent in candidates for bariatric surgery, their impact on weight loss is unknown following sleeve gastrectomy. This study assesses the associations between weight loss and preoperative depression, anxiety, and binge eating scores in patients undergoing sleeve gastrectomy for morbid obesity. METHOD: This cohort study included 34 patients who underwent sleeve gastrectomy for morbid obesity between May 2006 and February 2010 in a French tertiary referral center. We assessed preoperative depression (using the Beck depression inventory and the SCL-90-R depression subscale), anxiety (using the Hamilton anxiety rating scale and the SCL-90-R anxiety subscales), and binge eating (using the bulimic investigatory test, Edinburgh). The primary outcome was the percentage of excess weight loss at 12 months (PEWL). RESULTS: The preoperative mean body mass index (BMI) was 55.3 kg/m2 ± 10.2 kg/m2 and 41.7 kg/m2 ± 8.7 kg/m2 at the 12-month follow-up visit. The mean PEWL was 46.8% ± 15.8%. After adjusting for the preoperative BMI, the PEWL was negatively associated with preoperative scores for depression (β= -0.357; P < 0.05), phobic anxiety (β = -0.340; P < 0.05), interpersonal sensitivity (β = -0.328; P < 0.05), and binge eating (β = -0.315; P = 0.05). Other forms of anxiety were not correlated with the PEWL. CONCLUSIONS: Higher preoperative depression, phobic anxiety, interpersonal sensitivity, and binge eating scores are associated with low postoperative weight loss in patients undergoing sleeve gastrectomy. Future studies should assess the preoperative prevalence of syndromal or subsyndromal atypical depression and its relationship to postoperative weight loss in bariatric surgery candidates.
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Submitted on : Monday, April 9, 2012 - 5:04:53 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, July 11, 2019 - 4:04:02 PM
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Paul Brunault, David Jacobi, Vaïda Miknius, Céline Bourbao-Tournois, Noël Huten, et al.. High preoperative depression, phobic anxiety, and binge eating scores and low medium-term weight loss in sleeve gastrectomy obese patients: a preliminary cohort study.: Psychiatric factors and weight loss in obesity surgery. Psychosomatics, Elsevier, 2012, 53 (4), pp.363-70. ⟨10.1016/j.psym.2011.12.008⟩. ⟨inserm-00686275⟩

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