Block-Matching Strategies for Rigid Registration of Multimodal Medical Images

Olivier Commowick 1, * Nicolas Wiest-Daesslé 1, 2 Sylvain Prima 1
* Corresponding author
1 VisAGeS - Vision, Action et Gestion d'informations en Santé
INSERM - Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale : U746, Inria Rennes – Bretagne Atlantique , IRISA-D5 - SIGNAUX ET IMAGES NUMÉRIQUES, ROBOTIQUE
Abstract : We propose and evaluate a new block-matching strategy for rigid-body registration of multimodal or multisequence medical images. The classical algorithm first matches points of both images by maximizing the iconic similarity of blocks of voxels around them, then estimates the rigid-body trans- formation best superposing these matched pairs of points, and iterates these two steps until convergence. In this for- mulation, only discrete translations are investigated in the block-matching step, which is likely to cause several prob- lems, most notably a difficulty to tackle large rotations and to recover subvoxel transformations. We propose a solution to these two problems by replacing the original, computa- tionally expensive, exhaustive search over translations by a more efficient optimization over rigid-body transformations. The optimal global transformation is then computed based on these local blockwise rigid-body transformations, and these two steps are iterated until convergence. We evaluate the ac- curacy, robustness, capture range and run time of this new block-matching algorithm on both synthetic and real MRI and PET data, demonstrating faster and better registration than the translation-based block-matching algorithm.
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Olivier Commowick, Nicolas Wiest-Daesslé, Sylvain Prima. Block-Matching Strategies for Rigid Registration of Multimodal Medical Images. 9th IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI'2012), May 2012, Barcelona, Spain. pp.700-703, ⟨10.1109/ISBI.2012.6235644⟩. ⟨inserm-00681610⟩

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