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Management of pain induced by exercise and mobilization during physical therapy programs: views of patients and care providers.

Abstract : BACKGROUND: The expectations of patients for managing pain induced by exercise and mobilization (PIEM) have seldom been investigated. We identified the views of patients and care providers regarding pain management induced by exercise and mobilization during physical therapy programs. METHODS: We performed a qualitative study based on semi-structured interviews with a stratified sample of 12 patients (7 women) and 14 care providers (6 women): 4 general practitioners [GPs], 1 rheumatologist, 1 physical medicine physician, 1 geriatrician, 2 orthopedic surgeons, and 5 physical therapists. RESULTS: Patients and care providers have differing views on PIEM in the overall management of the state of disease. Patients' descriptions of PIEM were polymorphic, and they experienced it as decreased health-related quality of life. The impact of PIEM was complex, and patient views were sometimes ambivalent, ranging from denial of symptoms to discontinuation of therapy. Care providers agreed that PIEM is generally not integrated in management strategies. Care providers more often emphasized the positive and less often the negative dimensions of PIEM than did patients. However, the consequences of PIEM cited included worsened patient clinical condition, fears about physical therapy, rejection of the physical therapist and refusal of care. PIEM follow-up is not optimal and is characterized by poor transmission of information. Patients expected education on how better to prevent stress and anxiety generated by pain, education on mobilization, and adaptations of physical therapy programs according to pain intensity. CONCLUSION: PIEM management could be optimized by alerting care providers to the situation, improving communication among care providers, and providing education to patients and care providers.
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Submitted on : Thursday, February 9, 2012 - 5:06:39 PM
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Sophie Alami, Dominique Desjeux, Marie Martine Lefèvre-Colau, Anne Sophie Boisgard, Eric Boccard, et al.. Management of pain induced by exercise and mobilization during physical therapy programs: views of patients and care providers.. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, BioMed Central, 2011, 12 (1), pp.172. ⟨10.1186/1471-2474-12-172⟩. ⟨inserm-00668410⟩



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