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Interleukin-6 inhibits receptor activator of nuclear factor kappaB ligand-induced osteoclastogenesis by diverting cells into the macrophage lineage: key role of Serine727 phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3.

Abstract : Osteoclasts are bone-resorptive cells that differentiate from hematopoietic precursors upon receptor activator of nuclear factor kappaB ligand (RANKL) activation. Previous studies demonstrated that IL-6 indirectly stimulates osteoclastogenesis through the production of RANKL by osteoblasts. However, few data described the direct effect of IL-6 on osteoclasts. To investigate this effect, we used several models: murine RAW264.7 cells, mouse bone marrow, and human blood monocytes. In the three models used, the addition of IL-6 inhibited RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis. Furthermore, IL-6 decreased the expression of osteoclast markers and up-modulated macrophage markers. To elucidate this inhibition, signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) 3, the main signaling molecule activated by IL-6, was analyzed. Addition of two STAT3 inhibitors completely abolished RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis, revealing a key role of STAT3. We demonstrated that a basal level of phosphorylated-STAT3 on Serine(727) associated with an absence of phosphorylation on Tyrosine(705) is essential for osteoclastogenesis. Furthermore, a decrease of Serine(727) phosphorylation led to an inhibition of osteoclast differentiation, whereas an increase of Tyrosine(705) phosphorylation upon IL-6 stimulation led to the formation of macrophages instead of osteoclasts. In conclusion, we showed for the first time that IL-6 inhibits RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis by diverting cells into the macrophage lineage, and demonstrated the functional role of activated-STAT3 and its form of phosphorylation in the control of osteoclastogenesis.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 7, 2012 - 5:38:36 PM
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Laurence Duplomb, Marc Baud'Huin, Céline Charrier, Martine Berreur, Valérie Trichet, et al.. Interleukin-6 inhibits receptor activator of nuclear factor kappaB ligand-induced osteoclastogenesis by diverting cells into the macrophage lineage: key role of Serine727 phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3.. Endocrinology, Endocrine Society, 2008, 149 (7), pp.3688-97. ⟨10.1210/en.2007-1719⟩. ⟨inserm-00667501⟩

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