Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Limelight on two HIV/SIV accessory proteins in macrophage infection: is Vpx overshadowing Vpr?

Abstract : HIV viruses encode a set of accessory proteins, which are important determinants of virulence due to their ability to manipulate the host cell physiology for the benefit of the virus. Although these viral proteins are dispensable for viral growth in many in vitro cell culture systems, they influence the efficiency of viral replication in certain cell types. Macrophages are early targets of HIV infection which play a major role in viral dissemination and persistence in the organism. This review focuses on two HIV accessory proteins whose functions might be more specifically related to macrophage infection: Vpr, which is conserved across primate lentiviruses including HIV-1 and HIV-2, and Vpx, a protein genetically related to Vpr, which is unique to HIV-2 and a subset of simian lentiviruses. Recent studies suggest that both Vpr and Vpx exploit the host ubiquitination machinery in order to inactivate specific cellular proteins. We review here why it remains difficult to decipher the role of Vpr in macrophage infection by HIV-1 and how recent data underscore the ability of Vpx to antagonize a restriction factor which counteracts synthesis of viral DNA in monocytic cells.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadata

Cited literature [139 references]  Display  Hide  Download
Contributor : Ed. BMC Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, January 27, 2012 - 2:23:43 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, June 25, 2022 - 8:51:29 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Saturday, April 28, 2012 - 2:32:45 AM


Publisher files allowed on an open archive




Diana Ayinde, Claire Maudet, Catherine Transy, Florence Margottin-Goguet. Limelight on two HIV/SIV accessory proteins in macrophage infection: is Vpx overshadowing Vpr?. Retrovirology, BioMed Central, 2010, 7 (1), pp.35. ⟨10.1186/1742-4690-7-35⟩. ⟨inserm-00663761⟩



Record views


Files downloads